Constition-Meaning, Nature and Types

Topics: Law, Government, Separation of powers Pages: 2 (513 words) Published: October 17, 2011
A constitution could be defined as the body of rules, agreed principles and order which determines the structures and defines the right and duties of the citizens. Legally speaking, a constitution is the fundamental of rules to which all governmental functions are excepted to conform. The constitution declares the principles, which regulates the operation of the organs, and defines the bounds between the citizen and the state. Thus the conditions for the exercise of legitimate power, who shall exercise political power, how it shall be exercised and the limits of there powers are enshrined in a constitution. It is therefore inconceivable for a state to exist without a constitution. We have various types of constitution. Namely:

1) Written constitution
2) Unwritten constitution
3) Flexible constitution
4) Rigid constitution
5) Unitary constitution
6) Federal constitution

a). Parliamentary acts.
b). Conventions.
C). Constitutional conferences.
d). Judicial precedent.
e). Charters.
f). Commentries written by constitutional lawyers, politicians, and scholars. g). International law.
h). Treaties.

The need for a constitution is a sine-quanon for (good) governance. It is in this direction that Nations or Organisation law claims to having a constitution. It is therefore necessary for a nation or organisation with an effort to achieve good governance, this requires the existence of a body of rules and regulations enshrined in the constitution to provide legal principles, standards and rules enforceable by sanctions. Every aspect and institutions of human civilization requires some form of government to prevent injustice and maintain order. In Thomas Hobbes' state of nature, life was "brutish, short and nasty". Life and property were unsafe. There was no law to regulate behaviours. What was obtained was jungle justice. Citizens are...
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