Conservative Authoritarianism: Traditionalistic Kind of Antidemocratic Government

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1.Conservative authoritarianism was the first traditionalistic kind of antidemocratic government. These conservative authoritative governments wanted to keep things the way they were used to through bureaucracies, police departments, and armies they could trust. Only certain groups of people like bureaucrats and landlords were participating in the government. The conservative authoritative government did not involve complete control over the people. As long as people let the government be, the governments only focuses were on taxes, army recruits, and passive acceptance. Conservative authoritarianism started to come into practice in small eastern European countries more after WWI had concluded. These small countries looked towards this form of government because they hadn’t had strong self-government in the past and they didn’t want communist upheaval. Dictatorship was appealing to a lot of people because it had the ability to continue national unity and repress tensions. 2.Modern totalitarianism involved some sort of dictatorship. A dictator would have control over everything with an ultimate goal in mind and all institutions and classes would be ignored. Lenin showed totalitarian leaders that they, as a minority, could achieve whatever they desired as long as they were dedicated and driven. Various historians and political scientists think that totalitarian governments got political power by use of modern technology and communication. The totalitarian state ended up controlling more than just politics though, before long economical, intellectual, and cultural parts of people’s lives were being controlled. Also, totalitarian societies never stopped moving. After one goal was completed another goal would be worked towards. The primary difference between old-fashioned authoritarianism and modern totalitarianism involved the people put in charge. With authoritarianism leaders were usually just based off of who a person was in relation to their blood line and other things, like with a monarchy. Totalitarianism gave power more so based on a person’s capability by looking at their previous involvement in history. Most totalitarian leaders, like Hitler, had showed their qualification by being committed to nationalism and socialism. Fascism is a branch off of totalitarianism. 3.Lenin and the Bolsheviks won the Russian civil war but it quickly became apparent that with that victory they had destroyed much of Russia. As the economy of Russia crumbled riots and rebellion began breaking out Lenin realized he needed to do something. Lenin’s New Economic Policy, or NEP for short, was created in hopes that it could help restore agriculture and industry by limiting economic freedom once again.

Lenin never named a successor so when he died an issue over who would take control arose. The main contenders were Stalin and Trotsky. Trotsky was inspiring as a leader. Stalin was a great speaker but lacked reading and writing skills. Trotsky seemed like more of an ideal candidate but Stalin won for multiple reasons. First off, Stalin had done the necessary work to gain support from the party. Stalin’s ideas were more appealing to communists than those of Trotsky. It wasn’t what Stalin knew but whom. 4.Stalin had many economic goals that he was aiming to achieve with his first five-year plan. To start with, he want industries’ output to increase by 250%. He had hopes that heavy industry would grow even more than that. Stalin planned on seeing agricultural production increase by 150% through methods involving about one-fifth of peasants going to work on collective farms. Parts of Stalin’s plan worked out well, but not all of it was successful. Industry was very much so a success. Russia’s production quadrupled from 1928 to 1937. 5.Stalin’s social goal for his five year plans was to make a new human society with a different sort of personality. Stalin’s political goal was to catch up with all of the Western capitalist nations. The...
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