Forests are being denuded haphazardly and in an unrestricted manner causing an ecological imbalance. Depleted forest areas are forcing wild life to venture into areas of human habitat. The situation is deteriorating worldwide hence a very pragmatic action plan has to be formulated for finding a lasting and sustainable solution.
People must learn to live in harmony with their ecosystem. Forests have been of great importance to mankind since prehistoric days. 60% of the earth was once covered with forests. With the development of civilization, large areas have been cleared to make way for farms, mines, towns and roads. Today about 30% of the earth is still forested.
Forests have a major role to play in enhancing the quality of our environment. Trees take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen into the air thereby helping in keeping the environment healthy and beautiful. Forests influence local and global climate. They conserve soil by preventing rapid runoff of water after heavy rains, thereby reducing soil erosion and minimizing floods. Forests are also vital for increasing our ground water. Because of the thick humus layer, loose soil, and soil-retaining powers of the long roots of trees, forests are vitally important for preserving adequate water supplies.
Forests contribute substantially to the social and economic development of the country. A regular supply of many products like...