France was humbled, Britian exhausted, Germany demolished and divided The United States established a new international order. The World Bank and International Monetary Fund were created.
Germany had been defeated. The Nazi regime was brought down and the leaders were tried for crimes against humanity at Nuremberg. Japan was left in ruins by the extensive bombings was temporarily placed under United States military rule. England, having experienced extensive Blitzkrieg bombing by the Germans was devastated by the war. Their economy became dependent upon aid from the United States.
In addition, France and England were compelled to dismantle their colonial empires. This was a tremendous loss for France because of its ties to Algeria and in Vietnam. The Russians had suffered immeasurably during the war. Western Russia in particular was devastated by the land warfare. However, in the process of defeating the Germans, the Russians had built a large and powerful army, which occupied most of Eastern Europe by the end of the war. The great resources and population of Russia assured that the Soviet Union would be, along with the United States, one of two super-powers.
World War II led directly to the cold war and ended a century and a half of American isolationism. However, the competition between the United States and the Soviet Union for control over the postwar world began prior to World War Two coming to and end. The mutual mistrust between the counties began during the First World War when the United States refused to recognize the new Bolshevik government after the...