Consequences of Vietnamese Victory Against the French in Periods 1954-1964

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Assess the consequences of the Vietnamese victory against the French for Indochina in the periods 1954-1964. The Vietnamese victory against the French at the battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 brought about dramatic changes to Indochina. These changes took place in the Geneva Conference which shortly happened after the battle of Dien Bien Phu. General Vo Nguyen Giap and Ho Chi Minh who were the Vietminh’s leader had only one goal and that was to unify Vietnam and declare independence from colonial rule but however their goals were not achieved at the end of the Geneva Conference due to a number of reasons. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was a humiliating defeat for the French but however this victory was a resounding victory for the Vietminh as they have finally broke free from countless years of colonial rule. This victory enhanced the Vietminh’s status within Vietnam and fuelled their commitment to go on and establish a united and independent Vietnam. The defeat of the French however was a setback for the U.S who had provided massive financial and logistical support for the French. Even though the French were prepared to accept the victory of Ho’s communist forces, the Americans were not. This would result in American Intervention during the Geneva Conference due to their strict containment policy against communism which would result in the outbreak of a second Indochina war in a decade. The Geneva Conference of Indochina was attended by the U.S., Britain, China, the Soviet Union, France, Vietnam (Viet Minh and representatives of Bao Dai), Cambodia and Laos, all meeting to negotiate a solution for Southeast Asia. Because of the Cold War between the U.S (nationalism) and the Soviet Union (communism) each side soon sought their own interest in the Geneva Conference. Even though the Viet Minh had been victorious in the battle of Dien Bien Phu, Ho Chi Minh’s dream of an independent, unified Vietnam remained just a dream as pressure was placed on the Vietminh to accept a...
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