Consequences of Teen Pregnancy

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Consequences of teen pregnancy to mother, infant, and community1

Consequences of teen pregnancy to the mother, infant, and to the community

Terra Allen

HCA 402

Professor Patricia Pierce

Consequences of teen pregnancy to the mother, infant, and community2

Teen pregnancy has negative effects on teens, and the infant including low birth rate, poor nutrition, and infant mortality. Valanis stated that there was 23% of stated that there was also a high rate of black infants and 11 % of white infants to teenage mothers in 1993, (Valanis, 1999). Valanis teenage births to Native Americans, Eskimos, Aleution Islanders, and Hawaiians. She also stated there is a higher rate of complications and their infants are born with low birth rate or prematurely. This age group has been hard to teach because of the physiological and psychological characteristics. The past has proved that the schools are reluctant to teach sex and contraception in health education classes, (Valanis, 1999). The National Survey of Family Growth showed that in 1988, that the age group of 15 – 17 year olds, who were sexually active, increased from 33% to 38% in 1988. In the 1996 U.S. Bureau of the Consensus, It showed that there were 200,000 births to age 12 – 17 year old girls, nearly 12,220 of those births were to 14 year old girls are younger. Valanis stated that it is important for patient to decide whether or not to keep baby, give baby up for adoption, or have an abortion. The threats listed for the mother and infant are poor housing, malnutrition, and lack of health care. Valanis also stated that there is an increased rate of mortality, fetal death, and low birth rate associated with births of unmarried women, (Valanis, 1999). Some of the other factors stated in “Epidemiology in Health Care,” are the spacing between children and the timing of pregnancy. The National Center for Health...