Consequences of Colectivisation

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“An analysis of the effects of collectivisation on the USSR”

Contents page

Abstract.......................................................................Page 2-3 Introduction..................................................................Page 4-7 Investigation................................................................Page 8-15 Conclusion...................................................................Page 16-17 Bibliography:................................................................Page 18

Abstract

In this extended essay I chose to research about the effects that Stalin’s policy of collectivisation had on the USSR, both short-term and long-term. I chose the topic of collectivisation because it is a very interesting subject, as it had major impacts on the USSR, both short-term like a dramatic famine which is said to have ended the lives of over 6 million Soviet farmers or long-term, like the modernisation of Russia’s industry which resulted, mainly, in it being properly prepared to resist the German invasion in 1941 I researched wether it had a positive or a negative impact on the country at a social and economic level. I took into consideration several facts, like the elimination of entire peasant villages during the transfer of peasants to the collective farms, the famine that was caused by the lack of food in the countryside and the slaughter of cattle, sabotages of crops and burning down of houses, ranches and other property, carried out by the very owners of these. I got to the conclusion that although at first agricultural production seemed to improve as a cause of collectivisation, its negative effects soon became clear when the peasant population became affected by the strong famine in rural areas. I encountered several problems while writting this extended essay, as it was very hard to get a reasonable amount of bibliography, I began my research with Hosking’s The First Socialist Society: A History of the Soviet Union From Within (see bibliography) and Ben Walsh, G.C.S.E. Modern World History (UK, Hodder Education, 2009), which I found at the school but was unable to find any more books which dealt with this subject at the school’s library, however, I found over the internet about other books which I could buy I went to local libraries to look for other books like John Traynor’s Europe 1890-1990 (UK, Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd, 1992) and Alan Bullock’s, Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives (UK, Fontana Press, 1998) but I learnt that these were not sold in Argentina, so I solved this problem by buying them online (amazon) and having them mailed to my house.

Introduction
An analysis of the effects of collectivisation on the USSR
I chose the topic of collectivisation in the Soviet Union because I believe it is a very interesting subject, as it had major impacts on the USSR in economic, social and political aspects, both short-term, like a dramatic famine which is said to have ended the lives of over 6 million Soviet farmers or more longer term, like the fact that the execution of this policy gave way to the modernisation of Russia’s industry which resulted, mainly, in it being properly prepared to resist the German invasion in 1941. This extended essay will analyse these effects, in addition to many others, such as collectivisation’s direct impact on food, grain and livestock production the modernisation of the USSR’s agriculture, the change in the rural population, the direct control which the communist party gained over the rural population, and the damages to the governments support from this agricultural society..

Collectivisation was the politburo of the Communist Party’s massive operation to modernise the agricultural production in the USSR, an idea which Stalin put forth in 1928. It helped reunite the Communist party. A party which, after Lenin’s new economic policy (NEP), (which sought to improve the country’s economy -which had been devastated by the First World War and the...
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