World Civ 1
Confucius was a philosopher, a teacher and a political figure. Confucius was born in 551 B.C. in Tuo, China. He founded Confucianism, which became a model for the way Chinese society developed over the centuries. Confucius died in 479 B.C. in Qufu, China. Today he is widely considered one of the most influential thinkers in Chinese history.
Confucius was a poor descendant of a former ruling family who was kicked off the throne. As a child, he was already gathering people to him by holding make believe temple rituals. As a young adult, he quickly earned a reputation for fairness, politeness and love of learning. He traveled a lot and studied at the imperial capital, in Zhou, where he is said to have met and spoke with Lao Zi, the founder of Daoism. When Confucius returned to Lu, he infamously gained word as a teacher. Although, when Confucius was 35, Duke Zhao of Lu led his country to war. He fled to the neighboring country of Qi. When the Duke fled, Confucius followed. Duke Zhao frequently came to Confucius for advice. When other nobles began plotting against Confucius' position, Duke Zhao refused to intervene, and Confucius returned to Lu. When he did return to Lu, the conditions there were no better than they were before. Confucius, having seen this, retired from public life to concentrate on teaching and studying.
Confucius’ social philosophy views were based upon the relationships in the family. Confucius’ views also included that children should be obedient to their parents and practice filial piety, which meant devoting themselves to one’s parents during their lifetimes. It also meant honoring their memories after death through the performance of certain rituals. Confucius' social philosophy largely revolves around the concept of Ren, which involves compassion or loving others. For Confucius, his concern for others is shown through the Golden Rule, which meant; “Do not do to others as...
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