Confucianism in Journey to the West

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 730
  • Published : January 26, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
University:University of Leiden14 June 2012
Department:Language and Culture of China
Course: Visual Political Communication (BA3)
Semester:Summer Semester 2011/2012
Lecturer: Florian Schneider

Journey to the West
A Textual-Visual Discourse Analysis

Name: Stefan Ruijsch (Student No. 0620203)
Major: Chinese Studies, BA 3
E-mail: s.ruijsch@umail.leidenuniv.nl
Phone: 06-48369645
Address: Vrijheidslaan 256, 2321 DP Leiden Word Count: 9,387 Table of Contents

page
1. Introduction………………………………………………….1 2. Theory…………………………………………………………4
2.1. Discourse theory – A Short Explanation……………4
2.2. Confucianism…………………………………………6
2.2.1. The Principles of Confucianism……………6
2.2.2. The Confucian Revival………………………7
2.3. Human Behavior: Nurture versus Nature…………..8
3. Background Information……………………………………..10
3.1. China’s Media Reform……………………………….10 3.1.1. From Class Struggle to Cultural Education: Changes in the Media Landscape…………..10 3.1.2. The Effectiveness of the Media Reform: An Ideological Chokehold………………………11

3.2. Confucianism in journey to the West……………….12 4. Methodology……………………………………………………14
4.1. Textual and Visual Sequence Protocol………………14 4.2. Data Selection…………………………………………15 4. 3. Used Material………………………………………..16 5. Analysis………………………………………………………..17
5.1 Content Selection……………………………………..17 5.1.1. Omitted Content: From Evil Monkey to
Holy Buddha…………………………………………18 5.1.2. Added Content: The Victim Called Sun
Wukong……………………………………………21
5.1.3. Altered Content: Mischief or Sins?.............22
5.2. Differences in Referential Methods………………..24
5.2.1. The Decrease in “Dialogue Content” –
Do Actions Speak Louder Than Words?..............26 5.2.2. The Decrease in “Other” – The
Importance of Narrating…………………………27
5.2.3. The Increase in “Dialogue Form” –
Repetitive Referencing……………………………28 6. Conclusion……………………………………………………30 Bibliography……………………………………………………32 Appendix A -Chapter 1 - Visual Sequence Protocol &
References………………………………….36 Appendix B - Episode 1 (2:48-28:37) -Visual Sequence
Protocol & References…………………….60 Appendix CChapter 16 - Visual Sequence Protocol &
References………………………………….66 Appendix D Episode 16 (1:09:53-1:35:16) -Visual
Sequence Protocol & References…………86 Appendix E -Chapter 100 - Visual Sequence Protocol &
References………………………………….92 Appendix FEpisode 100 (2:02-6:17) -Visual Sequence
Protocol & References…………………….111 1. Introduction

The story of how the Buddhist monk Sanzang (三藏), accompanied by his disciples Sun Wukong (孙悟空), Zhu Bajie (猪八戒), Sha Wujing (沙悟净) and Yulong Santaizi (玉龙三太子), traveled to the Western Regions to obtain the sacred scriptures is well-known among Chinese of all ages. In the 1570s, Wu Cheng’en (吴承恩) wrote the story’s most celebrated version, later published as the novel Journey to the West, also known as Xiyouji (西游记).[1] Over the last few decades numerous television adaptations of Wu Cheng’en’s novel appeared on-screen, one of which this thesis will review: the 1986 television series Journey to the West, directed by Yang Jie (杨洁). This series is the novel's most successful and most popular television adaptation up until today, and there are still Chinese television channels that show daily reruns of the series.

I was first introduced to Sun Wukong and his adventures during my one year stay in Beijing in 2009. As a regular of a small local restaurant, I witnessed the daily cheers of joy when an episode of Journey to the West would start. Instead of watching the television series I went on to read the entire English-Chinese version of the saga. During my read-through I noticed...
tracking img