The idea that man was born to be wicked and required the forceful hand of control by a leader was widely accepted throughout parts of Ancient China. A philosopher by the name of Kung Fu-tzu or Confucius had a different viewpoint; that man was born to be generally good-natured but could be perfected by instilling in them a teaching of mutual obligation and respect. He embarked on attempting to initiate his idea to no avail, so he thought. His disciples carried along his legacy and passed them down through generations, steadily diffusing his ideology throughout China. Later named Confucianism, these ideas eventually became infused into Chinese culture.
To construct a grand structure, one must first have a strong, solid foundation. Confucius' ideas were based off the same concept. Filial piety served as the foundation of Confucianism by indoctrinating a sense of reverence toward one's superiors. For example, in the document, Confucius preached that “in serving your parents, be gentle in remonstration. Seeing that they are not inclined to comply, remain reverent, and do not disobey them.” In this scenario, the parents being the superiors, one must treat them with the utmost respect. As a result, all aspects of Confucian society involved a person striving to reach the ultimate goal which was to be a gentleman, or the essentially the perfect person.
Confucius formulated the vision of the superior man, or gentleman, that must possess certain qualities that distinguished him as perfect. Those qualities included being humble and knowing their place in society, knowing the rituals that one must fulfill and practicing them correctly and being a true leader and a role model to others. The concept was that one must not only conduct the ceremonies to precision, but live the Moral Way. For example, Confucius exclaims, “ A gentleman considers righteousness his major principle: he practices it in accordance with the rituals, utters it in modest terms, and...
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