The Milgram Experiment on Obedience
Stanford Prison Experiment
Stanford and Abu Ghraib
Solomon Asch Experiment on Conformity
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|Solomon Asch experiment (1958) | | |A study of conformity | | |Social Pressure and Perception |. | |Imagine yourself in the following situation: You sign up for a psychology experiment, and on a | | |specified date you and seven others whom you think are also subjects arrive and are seated at a | | |table in a small room. You don't know it at the time, but the others are actually associates of the| | |experimenter, and their behavior has been carefully scripted. You're the only real subject. |. | |The experimenter arrives and tells you that the study in which you are about to participate | | |concerns people's visual judgments. She places two cards before you. The card on the left contains | | |one vertical line. The card on the right displays three lines of varying length. | | |[pic] |. | |The experimenter asks all of you, one at a time, to choose which of the three lines on the right | | |card matches the length of the line on the left card. The task is repeated several times with | | |different cards. On some occasions the other "subjects" unanimously choose the wrong line. It is | | |clear to you that they are wrong, but they have all given the same answer. |. | |What would you do? Would you go along with the majority opinion, or would you "stick to your guns" | | |and trust your own eyes? | | |In 1951 social psychologist Solomon Asch devised this experiment to examine the extent to which | | |pressure from other people could affect one's perceptions. In total, about one third of the |. | |subjects who were placed in this situation went along with the clearly erroneous majority. | | |Asch showed bars like those in the Figure to college students in groups of 8 to 10. He...