CONFLICTS OF INTEREST BETWEEN THE LAWS,CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE AND MAN-WOMAN IN SOPHOCLES’ ANTIGONE 1.Introduction
Antigone is a tragedy by Sophocles written in or before 441 BC. It is a play about one girl’s beliefs against the injustices of civil law and the success of the orders of the gods. Sophocles creates a free woman figure against not only the mortal laws of the state but also men’s power. He engages necessity of harmony between tradition and state in Antigone. It deals with Ancient Greece’s people problems of daily life. Such as state (tyranny) vs. people, laws, customs, man vs. woman, civil disobedience and so on. In the tragedy, despite Creon forbids to burial of Antigone’s brother. She decides to bury her brother and keep his honor, she takes her future into her own hand and for the sake of her family’s love she risks her life. Her sister, Ismene, does not want to disobey the state’s rules. Antigone goes throughout her plan. When she caught during the burying process, Antigone does protest her way out of her punishment. She openly opposed Creon’s leadership capabilities and his ability to judge. She takes her future into her own hands for the final time by taking her own life, she does not willing to spend another day under Creon’s rule. Antigone is a symbol of civil disobedience in the form of a girl to accept an unjust king’s laws. On the other hand, She is devotedly attached to traditions. According to Antigone, human being must not think oneself superior from gods and harmony of customs’ laws and state’s laws must not break down. 2.The Divine Laws and Mortal Laws In Ancient Greece
[ 1 ]. Fagles, Robert (1986). The Three Theban Plays. New York: Penguin. p. 35.
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