Conducting a Research Project

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Tutorial 7: Conducting a Research Project.
Conducting a research project in applied linguistics is a complex implementation and researchers usually follow basic steps. In this paper, I would like to present these basic steps in carrying out a research project with some examples based on a report of Zohreh R. Eslami and Abbass Eslami-Rasekh, an article titled “Discourse Markers in Academic Lectures”.

I will comment the article based on the general research process which was presented by the instructor Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Hung Tien last lecture. In the abstract, readers can see that the authors identified a research area. “Academic English established itself a firm position in curricula for all university fields”, “ the need for research into the processes underlying academic performance in English has increased.”; the study is “ to gain insight into the effect of discourse markers on academic listening comprehension of university students in English as a foreign language setting”.

From the abstract, we also realize the research question of the study. Developing the research question is based on the authors’ interest and their experience in the field. They see that interest in learning English has increased to such an extent that English is now considered by many researchers to be an international language. The authors also see the increasing importance of English for Academic Purposes in Iran. In addition, they have read the studies of Long, Flowerdew, MacDonald, Badger and White on the features of lectures that might aid L2 learners’ comprehension and they have found that “the role of discourse markers in aiding listening comprehension has not been fully explored yet”. “Additionally, while several researchers have studied discourse markers from the descriptive and contrastive perspective, there is relative lack of experimental work on this topic.” The study investigates the effect of the use of discourse markers in academic listening comprehension of...
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