Conditional and Unconditional Covenants in the Pentateuch in Light of Revelation

Topics: Judaism, Torah, God Pages: 3 (1122 words) Published: April 6, 2013
To clarify the intent of Gods immutable being and the evidence is clear that the unseen God can be perceived as a trustworthy figure towards people, more specifically the Hebrews but can also be seen as a wrecking ball who will use the extents of his power with no mercy and he will bring terror across people who have disobeyed him. This belief formed between God and the Hebrews are credited to the overall covenants made throughout the Pentateuch. More specifically the unconditional covenant of Abraham and the conditional covenant of Moses and without god living through Moses and Abraham and using them as highly trusted mediators the Hebrews would not have the strong foundation which is in heavy connection to God.

The word ‘covenant’ is, in the Old Testament the Hebrew word ‘berith,’ there are two different kinds of covenants, conditional and unconditional. And is used around 286 times in various contexts throughout the Pentateuch [1] A conditional covenant is the subject(s) part of the agreement and since God lives in an immutable state the human in the covenant has a conditional task, an example of this is the Mosaic covenant which is made with Moses on the top of Mount Sinai where God gives Moses the Law. “If you obey my voice and keep my covenant” (Ex19:5). This Covenant is conditional because Moses is the high mediator between the people and himself so therefore all people involved in the covenant can disobey or change their task making it conditional. An unconditional covenant is where God makes a promise to his subject(s) and nothing is required in return, a direct sample from the bible relating to this is, (Genesis 15: 18-21) 18On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram[2], saying, “To your offspring I give this land, from zthe river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates, 19the land of the Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites, 20the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim, 21the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites and the...
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