Concussions in Sports

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In the United States every year, over 300,000 sports-related concussions occur each year. A concussion occurs when the brain is suddenly moved, causing it to temporarily lose function. Furthermore, the likelihood of suffering a concussion, or a mild Traumatic Brain Injury, while playing a contact sport is almost one in five. Also, twenty deaths have been caused by Second Impact Syndrome in just the past ten years which come as a result of returning to play too soon, making the potential danger of concussions very serious (“www..pitt.edu”). Therefore when an athlete suffers a concussion, a wide range of physical and mental symptoms are likely to occur.

A concussion can occur whenever there has been a jolt to the head, or a transfer of kinetic energy that almost immediately affects the brain (de Beaumont, Lassonde, et al). These “jolts” are most common in contact sports such as football, basketball, or boxing. When an injury as severe as a concussion occurs, many mental symptoms are likely to take hold from such trauma being done to the brain. One well known mental effect of suffering a concussion is having a lack of concentration (Finnoff). Many times, a kid can suffer a concussion and not even know it. Then the following day if the young athlete tried to return to school, they may start to notice how “hard” school had become. This could in turn result in a drop in grades and a drop in grade point average (GPA), according to a study that compared concussed students to non-concussed students (“www.pitt.edu”). Furthermore, concussions in sports have also been known to cause amnesia. When one teen athlete tries to recall her incident about what happened when she suffered her concussion, she admits to having difficulty remembering it (Suwanski). This Amnesia can also be referred to as “memory lapses.” These lapses in memory are just one of a few of cognitive symptoms from a mild Traumatic Brain Injury, or an mTBI (Halley). The athlete may feel mentally foggy, and...
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