CONCEPTS OF HEALTH
This essay will firstly discuss what health is as a broad concept, look at the differences of health looking at the negative and positive aspects and how health can be socially constructed. Defining what is meant by holistic health and what effects promoting health can help reduce individuals getting ill by working together in society and looking at changes that need to be made and recognised.
Health has a wide range of meanings which all need to be considered, it is not merely an absence of disease or infirmity but a state of complete state of physical, mental and social wellbeing (WHO 1948). Disease, illness and ill health have different meanings although there are used similarly. A disease is an existing pathology or something in the body that is abnormal that is detectable and have proof that it is there that may be causing a discomfort. An illness is feeling symptoms in the body like pain so tests may have to be carried out to find out the cause and if through the screening or tests a disease is found the term ill health would then be used to refer to the disease and illness. On a social point of view of health would be concerns of support from family and friends, feeling that your are not alone. A mental concept would be feeling you have a purpose in life to be living, to feel you have belonging and to cope with everyday life and the physical concept would be about the body, actually feeling healthy and fit. Defining health can have different definitions depending on the individual perception, social values, religious beliefs and social class (Naidoo and Wills, 2009, pg4).
There are two main perspectives of health, negative and positive it and tends to be based on cultural heritage. A negative concept perspective is believed to call illness only if there should be evidence of it in the body like a virus or disease proven evidently by microscopes, screening or blood tests. If it is...
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