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Submitted by: Vignette Gutierrez
Submitted to: Mrs. Alma Ochoco

Genetic Modification on our World

I. INTRODUCTION
Since our world today is full of technology, new inventions, big innovations, I come up with this certain topic, Genetics. What about genetics? You may ask that. About genetics is not simply genetics if you will do a research like me about this topic you might also say to yourself. Oh that was it. It’s certainly not that easy as you say the word. Before I come up to this topic I really don’t know how to start or how to make a topic. They said make or do something that interests you. Well there are so many things that interest me and I don’t know what to choose among them. Luckily one of my friend said to me this topic is good and if you like it go for it. Then I find it interesting so I go for it.

This research will surely help you understand the world of genetics. Technology is very helpful especially to people because it was created to make our life much easier and for us to be able to solve some of the problems in the world like in foods and diseases. I, the researcher, hope that you will learn something from my paper. I. Background of the study

In our world today almost all the things that we’re using is part of technology that came up because of science. According to Oxford English Dictionary (Eleventh Edition), science is the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment. Well because of that two, Science and Technology, almost all the things in this world made possible like curing diseases, making a product in a minute time by the use of machines and so many more, without this things maybe our life will be much difficult. One of these things is Genetic Engineering. Based from the Oxford English Dictionary (Eleventh Edition) Genetic Engineering or genetic modification is the deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material. In this study you will know what is really true behind genetic engineering. What are the things that involved when you say these words? What are the benefits/ effects of this study of genes? And the big question, Can it alter the future generation?

II. Review of Related Literature

A. Genetics

The word genetics came from the Greek word genetikos which means genitive and genesis which means origin (Lidell, et al., 2011). It is the science of genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms (Griffiths, et al., 2000). According to Griffiths, et al. (2000), genetics deals with the molecular structure and function of genes, gene behavior in context of a cell or organism(e.g. dominance and epigenetics), patterns of inheritance from parent to offspring, and gene distribution, variation and change in populations. Given that genes are universal to living organisms, genetics can be applied to the study of all living systems, from viruses and bacteria, through plants and domestic animals, to humans (as in medical genetics). Bowler (1989) said that the modern science of genetics, which seeks to understand the process of inheritance, only began with the work of Gregor Mendel in the mid-19th century. Although he did not know the physical basis for heredity, Mendel observed that organisms inherit traits via discrete units of inheritance, which are now called genes. According to Lemaux (2006), genes correspond to regions within DNA, a molecule composed of a chain of four different types of nucleotides—the sequence of these nucleotides is the genetic information organisms inherit. DNA naturally occurs in a double stranded form, with nucleotides on each strand complementary to each other. Each strand can act as a template for creating a new partner strand. This is the physical method for making copies of genes that can be inherited. The sequence of nucleotides in a gene...
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