technical note five
F A C I L I T Y L AYO U T
Basic Production Layout Formats
Process layout defined Product layout defined Group technology (cellular) layout defined Fixed-position layout defined
Computerized layout techniques—CRAFT Systematic layout planning CRAFT defined Systematic layout planning (SLP) defined
Assembly lines Assembly-line balancing Splitting tasks Flexible and U-shaped line layouts Mixed-model line balancing Current thoughts on assembly lines Workstation cycle time defined Assembly-line balancing defined Precedence relationship defined
Group Technology (Cellular) Layout
Developing a GT layout Virtual GT cells
Fixed-Position Layout Retail Service Layout
Servicescapes Ambient conditions Spatial layout and functionality Signs, symbols, and artifacts
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Office Layout Conclusion Case: Soteriou’s Souvlaki Case: State Automobile License Renewals
TECHNICAL NOTE FIVE
PLANET EARTH ORBITING THE ASSEMBLY LINE IN
A GLOBE FACTORY. THE GLOBES ARE MOVING THROUGH THE FACTORY USING A TRANSPORT SYSTEM SUSPENDED FROM THE CEILING OF THE FACTORY.
Layout decisions entail determining the placement of departments, work groups within the departments, workstations, machines, and stock-holding points within a production facility. The objective is to arrange these elements in a way that ensures a smooth work ﬂow (in a factory) or a particular trafﬁc pattern (in a service organization). In general, the inputs to the layout decision are as follows: 1 Speciﬁcation of the objectives and corresponding criteria to be used to evaluate the design. The amount of space required, and the distance that must be traveled between elements in the layout, are common basic criteria. 2 Estimates of...