Computer Security, Ethics and Privacy
Ethics and Society
* Computer Ethics
* Are the moral guidelines that govern the use of computers and information systems. Information Accuracy
* Information accuracy today is concern because many users access information maintained by other people or companies, such as on the internet. * Do not assume that because the information is on the web that is correct * Users should evaluate the value of the web page before relying on its content. Intellectual property rights
* Intellectual property (IP) refers to unique and original works such as ideas, inventions, art, processes, company and product names and logos. * IP are the right to which creators are entitled for their work. * Copyright
* Gives authors and artists exclusive rights to duplicate, publish and sell their materials. A copyright protects any tangible form of expression. * Piracy is the common infringement of copyright.
* refers to the right of individuals and companies to deny or restrict the collection and use of information about them. How to safeguard personal information
1. Fill in only necessary information on rebate, warranty and registration forms. 2. Do not preprint your telephone number or social security number on personal checks. 3. Have an unlisted or unpublished telephone number.
4. If caller ID is available in your area, find out how to block your number from displaying on the receiver’s system. 5. Do not write your telephone number on charge or credit receipts. 6. Ask merchants not to write credit card numbers, telephone numbers, social security numbers and driver’s license numbers on the back of your personal checks. 7. Purchase goods with cash, rather than credit or checks.
8. Avoid shopping club and buyer cards.
9.If merchants ask personal questions, find out why they want to know before releasing the information. 10. Inform merchants that you do not want them to distribute your personal information. 11.Request in writing, to be removed from mailing lists.
12.Obtain your credit report once a year from each of the three major credit reporting agencies and correct any errors. 13. Request a free copy of your medical records once a year from the medical Information Bureau. 14.Limit the amount of information you provide to web sites. Fill in only required information. 15. Install a cookie manager to filter cookies.
16. Clear your history file when you are finished browsing.
17. Set up a free mail account. Use this e-mail address for merchant forms. 18. Turn off file and computer sharing on your internet connection. 19. Install a personal firewall.
20. Sign-up for e-mail filtering through your internet service provider or use an anti-spam program such as Brightmail. 21. Do not reply to spam for any reason.
22. Surf the web anonymously with a program such as freedom web secure or through an anonymous web site such as anonymizer.com
* When you fill out a form such as a magazine subscription, product warranty registration card, or contest entry form the merchant that usually enters it into a database. Likewise, every time you click an advertisement on the Web or register software online ,your information and preferences enter a database. * Cookies E-commerce and other Web applications often rely on cookies to identify users. Cookie files typically contain data about you, such as your user name or viewing references. Spyware and Adware
* Spyware is a program placed on a computer without the user’s knowledge that secretly collects information about the user. * Spyware can enter a computer as a virus or as a result of a user installing a new program. * Spyware program communicates information it collects to some outside source while you are online. * Adware is a program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop-out window on Web pages, e-mail messages or other internet...
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