Computer Ethics

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Computer Ethics and Cyber Law

Andrew Harmic UCF Spring 2011 COT 4810 Topics in Computer Science

Computer and Information Ethics
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Written by Terrell Ward Bynum Professor of Philosophy at Southern Connecticut State University Degrees in Philosophy   



Ph. D & M. Phil. (CUNY) M.A. (Princeton) B.A. (U. of Delaware)



B.S. in Chemistry (U. of Delaware)
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Outline
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Remember that thing called ethics? Origins of computer ethics (CE) What is computer ethics? Examples of computer ethics Cyber Ethics Cyber Law and digital information

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Remeber that thing called ethics?
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Good vs Bad Moral duty and obligation Applied ethics
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Ethical theory → Real-life situations Computer ethics

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Outline
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Remember that thing called ethics? Origins of computer ethics (CE) What is computer ethics? Examples of computer ethics Cyber Ethics Cyber Law and digital information

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Origins of computer ethics 1.0


Founded by Norbert Wiener in mid-1940s Professor of mathematics and engineering at MIT Originally called “Cybernetics” Walter Maner coined “Computer Ethics” in 1976







Norbert Wiener

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Origins of computer ethics 2.0


Wiener wrote 3 relevant books
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Cybernetics (1948) The Human Use of Human Beings (1950) God and Golem, Inc. (1963) Computers and security Virtual communities (Social Networking) Robot ethics Artificial Intelligence 7



Introduced concerns about
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Origins of computer ethics 3.0
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Wiener was ahead of his time Wiener's view on information
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Assumed metaphysical universe World and entities combinations of matter-engery and information Thinking is information processing Living organisms are patterns of information

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“We are but whirlpools in a river of ever-flowing water. We are not stuff that abides, but patterns that perpetuate themselves.” 8

Origins of computer ethics 4.0
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Late 1940s Wiener thought computing would remake society “The Second Industrial Revolution” “The Automatic Age” He was right!

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Outline
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Remember that thing called ethics? Origins of computer ethics (CE) What is computer ethics? Examples of computer ethics Cyber Ethics Cyber Law and digital information

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What is computer ethics? 1.0


Computer Ethics


Deals with how computing professionals should make decisions regarding professional and social conduct Investigates the ethical issues arising from the development and application of information technologies Privacy and intellectual property rights 11



Information Ethics




What is computer ethics? 2.0


Important people in CE








Norbert Wiener  Founding father of CE Walter Maner and Deborah Johnson  The “uniqueness” debate James Moor  What is Computer Ethics? (1985) Luciano Floridi  Philosophy of information

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Outline
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Remember that thing called ethics? Origins of computer ethics (CE) What is computer ethics? Examples of computer ethics Cyber Ethics Cyber Law and digital information

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Examples of computer ethics


Professional responsibilty


Software Engineering Code of Ethics and Professional Practice (Version 5.2)



ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Task Force on Software Engineering Ethics and Professional Practices Software engineers shall commit to making software a beneficial and respected profession   



Analysis and specification Design and development Testing and maintenance 14

Software Engineering Code
1) Public 2) Client and Employer 3) Product 4) Judgement 5) Management 6) Profession 7) Colleagues 8) Self Source: http://www.acm.org/about/se-code 15

Examples of CE outside of CS
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Government, military, law enforcement Law Enforcement in Florida  

Driver And Vehicle Information Database (DAVID) Officers required to sign an IT code of conduct Monitoring of network activity Social...
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