Career Exploration Paper
Educational level in computer and information research scientists needs a Ph.D. in computer science or a related subject, such as computer engineering. A Ph.D. usually requires 4 to 5 years of study after the bachelor’s degree, usually in a computer-related field such as computer science or information systems. Students spend the first two years in a Ph.D. program taking a range of computer science classes. They then choose a specialty and spend the remaining years doing research within that specialty. For some computer scientist positions in the federal government, a bachelor’s degree in computer science is sufficient. For computer scientists seeking employment in a specialized field, such as finance or biology, knowledge of that field, along with the computer science degree, may be helpful in attaining a job. Skills required to be a computer and information research scientists are Advanced math skills ( Advanced math and other technical topics are critical in computing). Analytical skills (Computer and information research scientists must be organized in their thinking and analyze the results of their research to formulate conclusions). Communication skills (Computer and information research scientists must communicate well with programmers and managers, as well as be able to clearly explain their conclusions to people who may have no technical background. They often write for academic journals and similar publications). Critical-thinking skills (Computer and information research scientists work on many complex problems). Detail oriented (Computer and information research scientists must pay close attention to their work because a small error can cause an entire project to fail). Ingenuity (Computer and information research scientists must continually come up with innovative ways to solve problems, particularly when their ideas do not initially work as they had hoped). Logical thinking (Computer algorithms rely on logic. Computer and information research scientists must have an aptitude for reasoning).
* Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. * Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). * Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. * Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). * Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). * Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). * Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. * Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Tasks and Activities
Occupation specific tasks and the most important generalized work activities are listed for Computer and Information Research Scientists. Occupation Specific Tasks:
* Analyze problems to develop solutions involving computer hardware and software. * Apply theoretical expertise and innovation to create or apply new technology, such as adapting principles for applying computers to new uses. * Approve, prepare, monitor, and adjust operational...
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