Computer Architecture

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The purpose of conducting this assignment is to explore about 32-bit and 64-bit processor architecture as it is important to us in other to understand more about computer architecture. Comparing the implementation of the 32-bit and 64-bit processor architecture will help us to understand and distinguish between the 32-bit and 64-bit architecture more easily. At the end of this assignment, we can understand the meaning of 32-bit and 64-bit processor architecture as well as how they affect the bus width (data and address), memory addresses, RAM size, register, integer size and file size. We also will understand the compatibility issues of 32-bit and 64-bit processor architecture. To know their features and application we must understand the background and history of x86 and Advanced RISC Machine/Acorn RISC should be revised. All these tasks were divided and distributed among two group members and were compiled with conclusion.

1.What 32-bit and 64-bit processor architecture mean?

32-bit and 64-bit processor architecture is how the computer is built. It refers to how much the memory and address space are in the computer. This architecture affects the performance of the computer where double number of bits, double the rate a processor can move data. Therefore, 32-bits and 64-bit processor architecture have different size of data, RAM storage and size of file where 64-bit have better performance compare to 32-bit processor. Furthermore, 64-bit processor can run almost all 32-bit programs.

2.How they affect the buses width (data and address), memory address, RAM size, register, integer size and file size?

Different n-bit of processor give different level of performance where it affect some component in computer. Bus width refers to how much the data can transmit at one time. So, if we have 64-bit of processor, our computer bus also should have 64-bit. This can avoid transferring extra data and no extra data processing done. More bit...
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