Professor: Date: June 25, 2012
I. History of IBM SPSS Statistics
Early versions of SPSS were designed for batch processing on mainframes, including for example IBM and ICL versions, originally using punched cards for input. A processing run read a command file of SPSS commands and either a raw input file of fixed format data with a single record type, or a 'get file' of data saved by a previous run. To save precious computer time an 'edit' run could be done to check command syntax without analysing the data. From version 10 (SPSS-X) in 1983, data files could contain multiple record types. The graphical user interface is written in Java.
The latest versions of IBM SPSS are as follow: IBM SPSS Statistics - v19.0 IBM SPSS Modeller Professional & IBM SPSS Modeller Premium - v14.1 IBM SPSS Data Collection -v5.6 IBM SPSS Collaboration & Deployment Services - v4.1
SPSS 15.0.1 - November 2006
SPSS 16.0.2 - April 2008
SPSS Statistics 17.0.1 - December 2008
PASW Statistics 17.0.3 - September 2009
PASW Statistics 18.0 - August 2009
PASW Statistics 18.0.1 - December 2009
PASW Statistics 18.0.2 - April 2010
PASW Statistics 18.0.3 - September 2010
IBM SPSS Statistics 19.0 - August 2010
II. Uses of SPSS
SPSS is a powerful tool that is capable of conducting just about any type of data analysis used in the social sciences, the natural sciences, or in the business world. (Darren George, Paul Mallery)
In quantitative research, the researcher must rely on the relevance of the dependent and independent variables to each other and to the population targeted by the research topic. SPSS/PASW helps researchers arrive at statistical relevance with efficiency and accuracy, and many scholars and researchers consider it a critical tool.
It can run descriptive statistics, t-tests, chi-square, and other non-parametric tests, as well as linear regression models and analysis of variance, among... [continues]
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