Comprehension School Counseling Program
A Comprehensive School Counseling Program (CSCP) is made up of six components or qualities. The following components are essential for implementing a program in the school that truly benefits all children. (1) Holistic – A holistic school program focuses on all aspects of a student’s development. School counselor’s focus on three developmental domains: academic, career and personal/social development; (2) Systemic – A systemic counseling program addresses all people with whom the student interacts and all systems of significance in the student’s life. The systems that student’s grow in influence their development. Counselors must help students understand and cope with the reality of the systems in which they are embedded, and help the student have academic success; (3) Balanced – School counselors must balance their time in the primary activities of counseling, educating and advocacy, consultation, and leadership and coordination. School counseling programs need to be balanced in (a) the ACSA domains: academic, career, and personal/social issues; (b) activities for the school counselor: counseling, educating, and advocacy; (c) partners in the process: students, parents, colleagues, and the community; and (d) between prevention and intervention goals; (4) Proactive – School counseling programs address the effects of any experiences that may compromise the development of the students through prevention, intervention, and sometimes, referral for treatment. Proactive counselors deal with “at-risk” students, determining the level of intensity, and then designing a plan to help the student. (5) Integrated into the academic curriculum – In following the ASCA model, school counselors are full partners in the educational activities of the entire school. A counselor’s job is to promote this view in the school regardless of the school’s philosophy and how they view the counselor’s position; and finally (6) Reflective...
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