Comprehensive Industry Document Stone Crushers

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Comprehensive Industry Document Series: COINDS/78/2007-08

Comprehensive Industry Document Stone Crushers

Central Pollution Control Board
Parivesh Bhawan East Arjun Nagar, Shahdara Delhi-110 032 www.cpcb.nic.in February 2009

FOREWORD
The series of publication entitled “Comprehensive Industry Document Series” (COINS) is designed to cover the status of each specific type of Industry in the country incorporating all environmental issues to facilitate concerned units in the Sector to improve their environmental performance and attain compliance with the National Environmental Standards. The Comprehensive Industry Document on Stone Crushers is latest among Central Pollution Control Board publication in the above series with the main objective of this to impart an overall view of Stone Crushers operating in the country, to develop the National Environmental Standards, to provide cleaner technologies and to specify Guidelines / Code of Practice for Pollution Prevention & Control. The Report has been finalized after a series of discussion with the industry representatives, industry associations, State Pollution Control Boards and other statutory bodies associated with the Stone Crushing Sector. Central Pollution Control Board conceived the study on MoU basis with, National Productivity Council (NPC), New Delhi. The assistance rendered by the State Pollution Control Boards, the Stone Crushing Units and their Association during the Study is gratefully acknowledged. I commend the efforts engrossed by Shri R. C. Kataria, Senior Environmental Engineer for co-ordinating the study / finalizing this document under the guidance of Shri J. S. Kamyotra, Member Secretary, CPCB and Dr. B. Sengupta, Former Member Secretary of CPCB. Shri Mahendra Kumar Gupta, Senior Laboratory Assistant, contributed in preparing the manuscript is gracely acknowledged. Hopefully the Document will be useful to the Industry, Regulatory Agencies, Consultants and other interested stakeholders in pollution control in Stone Crushing Sector.

( S. P. Gautam ) September 15, 2009

CONTENTS Chapter No. 1 1.1 1.2 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Page No. Background 1.1 Introduction 1.1 Project Objectives 1.2 An overview of Stone Crushing Sector in India 2.1 Inventorisation of Stone crushers in Various states 2.1 Typical setup & sizes of stone crushers 2.2 Types of technologies used 2.4 Types of raw material & supply zones 2.12 Typical economics of stone crusher 2.14 Environmental Problems in Stone Crushers 3.1 Sources of emissions 3.1 Nature & spread of emissions 3.2 Factors that influence emissions 3.3 Environmental, health & safety problems due to emissions 3.7 Noise Pollution Problems 3.7 An overview of stone crushers in developed countries 4.1 General 4.1 Typical emission factors from various sources 4.3 Emission reduction techniques adopted in crushers in USA 4.4 Costs of control technologies adopted 4.10 Environmental impacts of various control Technologies 4.12 Compliance test methods and monitoring techniques 4.13 Enforcement Aspects related to Stone crushers in USA 4.14 Regulatory options 4.16 Review of existing Environmental Standards, 5.1 Guidelines & Local Constraints in Implementation Review of existing Environmental Standards notified under 5.1 Environment (Protection) Act (EPA), 1986 Siting criteria fixed by various State Pollution Control Board / 5.1 State Governments Review of the existing standards and siting criteria 5.2 Review of prevalent Dust control Measures adopted by some 5.3 SCU’s & Constraints in implementation Comments on adequacy of prevalent dust control 5.7 arrangements Local problems in implementation of pollution control 5.14 measures Title

Chapter No. 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 7 7.1 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 9 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4

Title Field Studies – Results & Discussions Selection of representative SCU’s for field studies General details of selected...
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