Components of Functional Behavior Assessments and Behavior Support Plans

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Running head: FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIOR ASSESSMENTS AND BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLANS

Components of Functional Behavior Assessments and Behavior Support Plans Grand Canyon University

Components of Functional Behavior Assessments and Behavior Support Plans
Functional behavior assessments and behavior support plans are used as intervention tools to address issues of challenging behaviors when working with children with disabilities. With the reauthorization of IDEA in 1997and the enactment of NCLB, every child is entitled to make yearly adequate progress and schools are faced with the challenge to address these issues of behavior in the least restrictive manner. These types of interventions have become widely used in schools and educational settings. FBAs are used in conjunction with behavior support plans to better meet the needs of the student that faces difficulties with challenging behaviors.

Behavior support plans (BSPs), can be used as a initiative to address behaviors that can hinder the learning of the student and the learning of others. Behavior Support Plans should focus on understanding why the behavior is happening and then focus on teaching another possible behavior that acceptably meets the need of the student. This includes making instructional and environmental changes, providing reinforcement, reactive strategies and effective communication. BSPs can be developed for any student that displays consistently challenging behaviors but if it is developed for a student with an Individualized Service Plan (IEP) in place, the BSP becomes part of that plan. The members of the Behavior Support Team will depend upon the specific needs of each individual student and can include regular education teachers, special educators, counselors and administrators.

Functional behavior assessments (FBAs), is a process that identifies specific target behavior, the purpose of the behavior, and what factors lead to the behavior that is affecting the learning...
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