Integrative Management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is known as one of the most common neurobiological disorder in children, adolescents and adults. Currently, this disorder is treated with stimulant medications that cause significant negative side effects with no real cure for the disorder. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) treatments for children diagnosed with ADHD are on the rise due to the negative feedback received from parents of children that are currently taking stimulant medications as treatments.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a behavioral, developmental and neurobiological disorder that is a commonly diagnosed disorder in children. This disorder is associated with developmentally high levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, inattention and has a high rate of comorbid diagnosis such as anxiety, depression, and mood disorders. It is estimated that 3-5 percent of children suffer from this disorder and 60 percent of those cases show symptoms of ADHD through adolescents and adulthood (Bakhshani 1). ADHD is complex and is often associated with genetic and biological environmental factors that contribute to the many symptoms of the disorder.
Influenced by family history, personality, genetics and the environment, symptoms of ADHD can be associated with a broad range of emotional, mental and behavioral problems. People diagnosed with ADHD tend to have difficulty in focusing, and following task through to completion; they are easily distracted, forgetful, disorganized, and also have the tendency to have mood swings and anger problems. If symptoms go untreated it could cause a wide range of additional problems to include low self-esteem, aggressive behavior, anxiety and depression and even suicidal thoughts. In order to treat symptoms of ADHD, the first line treatment process consists of stimulant medications.
Attention Deficit Hyperactive disorder and treatment can be very difficult depending on the person being diagnosed and the severity of the disorder. It is noted that 90 percent of children diagnosed with ADHD will receive some form of medication as treatment for their symptoms and out of that 90 percent, 70 percent will receive stimulant medications as a first line treatment process (Ducca 9). Long-acting stimulant medications are recommended because the results tend to show longer-lasting, smoother improvement of symptoms. Although, stimulant medication helps control symptoms of ADHD there are several side effects associated with it. Some of these side effects are the potential for abuse and addiction, loss of appetite, headaches, weight loss, nervousness and insomnia. Physicians and parents are seeking CAM treatments due to the negative side effects associated with the disorder. Complementary and Alternative Medicine is considered to be a safe and effective form of treatment for ADHD. Conditionally, it is a matter of finding the appropriate treatment that fits the needs and conditions of the individual that is being diagnosed. The American Academy of Pediatrics has estimated that between 20 and 40 percent of healthy children and over 50 percent of children diagnosed with chronic and recurrent diagnosed conditions use complementary treatments in pursuit of health and well-being (Ducca 9). CAM treatments are used because they are natural, safe and effective ways to treat symptoms of ADHD. There are several CAM treatments available to include homeopathic treatment, electroencephalogram (EEG) feedback, diet modifications, fatty acid supplementation, nutritional modifications, exercise therapy, to include physical activities and a green outdoor setting. All of which have shown to have a positive impact on the alternative treatment of this disorder.
Homeopathic treatments are one of the most popular treatments used in treating ADHD. In order for the treatment to be effective the homeopathic practitioners need...
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