Competitive anxiety is usually follow the feeling of tension and stress combined with high arousal of the autonomic nervous system. The duration and intensity of the anxiety state change according to the stress stimuli the athlete face and period subjective threat created by stimuli. If the arousal is too high or too low it may lead a poor performance.
Definition of Anxiety
A negative of emotional state in a person combination with nervousness, worry and fear. W. Stewart in book of Controlling Anxiety (2007) tell anxiety is a distressing felling of uneasiness, apprehension, or dread. H. Kaplan and B. Sadock, in the Concise Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry (1996) state that anxiety is characterized by a diffuse, unpleasant, vague sense of apprehension, often accompanied by autonomic symptoms, such as headache, perspiration, palpitations, tightness in the chest, and mild stomach discomfort. From this definition, anxiety can be conclude as unpleasant felling of apprehensive. Type of Competitive Anxiety
The anxiety have two type, there are state anxiety (A-state) and trait anxiety (A-trait). State anxiety is about of context of the higher of emotional that can lead to fear or danger of particular situation. In other word, a situation make a person quickly fell stressful and the result will increase physiological arousal or fear. For example, a person may become worried, nervous, fear if he/she sees a large, threatening tiger. That case, the autonomic nervous system becomes heightened. For some athletes sports anxiety can be a valuable motivator, e.g. contact sports such as rugby, whereas other sports require a very low level of anxiety for successful performances, e.g. archery, pistol shooting. Trait anxiety is a person usual behavioral tendency to become fear or worries about environment. In other word it is like the personality profile of individual. For example, a person will feel anxiety no matter big or small tournament.
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