Competency Level of the Faculty and Performance of the Nursing Students in the Enhancement Program: Basis for Program Upgrading

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Chapter 1

Background of the Study
Teaching in college or university is marked by historic paradox: though institutions constantly talk up its importance, they evaluate faculty members primarily on the basis of evaluations made outside the classroom by the students. Teaching is what is almost every professor does, it occupies the greatest amount of most instructors’ time, but less operates at the highest level of competence. Quality teachers are the single greatest determinant of student achievement. Teacher education, ability, and experience account for more variation in student achievement than all other factors. Studies have found that 40 to 90 percent of the difference in student test scores can be attributed to teacher quality ( Knowing the subject matter, understanding how students learn, and practicing effective teaching methods translate into greater student achievement. Therefore, it is vitally important that teachers be well prepared when they begin teaching and that they continue to improve their knowledge and skills throughout their careers.

Some instructors regard teaching so important, personal and idiosyncratic that no training could ever meet the demands of quality education not even by the use of teaching strategies itself. Teaching for them is already a habit and doesn’t need any further enhancement or improvement. Nursing is a universal profession that is practiced in its present form all over the civilized world. It touches human life from conception to death. Fewer careers in this world offer the satisfaction, stimulation, and variety of opportunities and rewards as nursing. But sometimes young men and women pay more attention to the sacrifices nurses have to make rather than the rewards. Modern nurse educators following the footsteps of Florence Nightingale went further to design educational programs that matched the profession. They have provided nursing with the theoretical foundation for educational philosophies, mission statements and contents that have focused on the nature of human beings, the needs of the society and the practice of nursing. The focus on human beings and the society is a reflection of the aims of traditional and professional education that date back to Hellenic times, when education examined and desired to understand both human nature and the nature of the society (Bransford, Brown, & Cocking, 1999) The Philippines is the leading source of nurses to the United States, with several thousand Filipino nurses moving there each year. This year, a change in U.S. immigration law raised the limit on the number of foreign nurses that U.S. hospitals and clinics can hire. The move created more opportunities for Filipino nurses, who are also in demand in Europe, Japan and other more affluent Asian countries. Recently, the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) released the Nursing Board Exam July 2010 Results. Based on the press releases, out of 91,008, only 37, 679 who took the exam were able to make it. The Nursing Board Exam was held last July 3 and 4 in the cities of Manila, Baguio, Cagayan de Oro, Dagupan, Davao, Iloilo, La Union, Legazpi, Lucena, Pagadian, Pampanga, Tacloban, Tuguegarao, and Zamboanga. (www. It only shows that passing the Nursing Licensure Exam and becoming a registered nurse is not easy. An examinee must possess knowledge, skills, and critical thinking in order to pass the exam and meet the aims of nursing practice. Nursing Profession requires one to be knowledgeable and skilful if he wishes to become a functional nurse. Moreover, he must aim for professional improvement for him to cope with the changing world. A nurse lacking of knowledge and skills will not be productive and may not render quality care to his patients. It is necessary for a nurse to be trained well and to learn more about the course. This begins with a proper training in school where students...
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