Jack C. Richards
Competence and Performance in Language Teaching
Jack C. Richards
cambridge university press
Cambridge, New York, São Paulo, Mexico City, Tokyo, Singapore, Madrid, Cape Town, Dubai, Melbourne, New Delhi Cambridge University Press 32 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013-2473, USA www.cambridge.org © Cambridge University Press 2011 This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. First published 2011 Printed in the United States of America
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Table of Contents
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
The language proficiency factor 3 The role of content knowledge 5 Teaching skills 9 Contextual knowledge 11 The language teacher’s identity 14 Learner-focused teaching 16 Pedagogical reasoning skills 19 Theorizing from practice 22 Membership of a community of practice 25 Professionalism 27
What is it that language teachers need to know and do to be effective classroom practitioners and language teaching professionals? How is this knowledge and practice acquired? And how does it change over time? The issue of language teachers’ knowledge and skill base is fundamental to our understanding of effective teaching and to approaches to language teacher education. In this paper I want to explore the knowledge, beliefs, and skills that language teachers make use of in their practice. My focus is on the understandings and practices of those teachers who would generally be regarded by their peers as exemplary language teaching professionals. We all recognize those teachers when we work with them. But what... [continues]
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