Enjo-kōsai (援助交際) (shortened form enkō (援交) means "compensated dating" and is a practice which originated in Japan where older men give money and/or luxury gifts to attractive women for their companionship and, possibly, for sexual favors. The female participants range from primarily school-aged girls to housewives. A common misconception is that enjo-kōsai always involves some form of sexual activity. The term enjo-kōsai first appeared in the Asahi Shimbun on September 20, 1994. In the opposite case of women paying men, it is called gyaku-enjo-kōsai (逆援助交際), or "reverse compensated dating".
Spread to other countries(Hong Kong)
According to social workers, teenagers as young as 15 advertise themselves as available for "compensated dating". The practice is becoming more acceptable among Hong Kong teenage girls, who do not think compensated dating is a kind of prostitution. Some believe it is different because it does not involve sexual intercourse and they can choose their clients, who range from teenage boys to married men. Some even think they are helping others. The internet allows girls more opportunities to offer to shop, eat out or go to a movie with men in return for payment to fulfill their material needs. In April 2008, the brutal murder of a 16-year-old girl, Wong Ka-mui, who was taking part in compensated dating, drew attention to the issue.
Underage "compensated" dating: internet risks underlined|
Almost every day now we hear about young people getting involved in drugs, but they are vulnerable in other ways too. Compensated dating has also been in the headlines. It emerged in Japan in the 1990s where it is known as enjo-kosai, a euphemism for prostitution. It is common in Hong Kong, with one survey revealing 10% of secondary pupils believing classmates were involved, and an alarming 5% who said they would consider it themselves.
The growth of compensated dating, where underage girls seek extra pocket money to buy fashionable accessories, is due in part to the internet, where websites and discussion forums are used for advertising by young girls, pimps and men in search of such services. The girls often don't realise that those who respond often want to do more than just go out on an innocent date. This emphasizes the need for both internet education and sex education. The Federation is deeply concerned and has projects coming up to help girls who might be at risk of such exploitation. *Survey conducted May 2009 by Hong Kong Association of Sexuality Educators, Researchers and Therapists. Sample: 2,966 F1-F4 & F6 students, reported South China Morning Post 28 June 2009| More girls lured into `compensated dating'
© 2012 The Standard, The Standard Newspapers Publishing Ltd. Beatrice Siu
Monday, August 18, 2008
More and more underaged girls are going into "compensated dating" because they have a choice of clients and it does not involve sex, according to a study by the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong. The girls, some as young as 15, are not aware of the consequences, the study says, and can suffer from physical and psychological harm should they be forced to serve violent clients. Family debts, it was found, drive some to the sex trade.
Compensated dating, which originated in Japan in 1994, involves older men giving money and luxury gifts to young women, working individually or with agents, for their companionship. The DAB collaborated with the Yang Memorial Methodist Social Service, which investigated six women aged between 16-18. The DAB also interviewed some of the women involved.
The investigation showed most of the girls involved in compensated dating were not from underprivileged families, although most had financial problems or poor family relationships. The young women also believed that compensated dating differed from sex work because they had a choice of...