One of the biggest aspects that both civilization shared was government. A fair share of similarities and differences were present in the formation and the way the government was run. Both governments had changed from one state to another. Both governments were at one time a centralized imperial government, and two key points to these governments were administrative centralization and imperial expansion. They both were broken down into districts that were ruled by people like governors. A difference was that China had a monarchy based government and Rome had a Aristocratic Republican government with a senate and a checks and balances system. The Han dynasty followed legalistic principals and Romans followed a republican constitution. The checks and balances system in Rome was kept in order by two people called the consuls who divided up the civic and military power. The emperor was put in power by the mandate of heaven and the consuls in Rome were put in power by an election from the senate members. The senate only consisted of wealthy patricians in the beginning. Then after a few rebellions, the poorer plebeians gained a few spots in the senate and then eventually were allowed to elect a consul from their caste. The Roman Empire went into monarchy every once in a while in times of a civic or military crisis when a dictator was elected for 6 months. Then came Julius Caesar, who declared himself as dictator for life such as the emperors in the Han dynasty. Caesar confiscated property from the rich and gave it to war veterans and the poor just as some of... [continues]
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