Comparitive: Roman and Han

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Comparitive: Roman and Han

By | September 2011
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During the period around 400 B.C.E till 200 B.C.E, two civilizations that had common interests and difference were the Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty. Many similarities and differences were shared in terms of government, social and economics. For example the basis of both governments was the same. the religion in both places stayed constant for the most part and the expanded territorially in terms of commerce.

One of the biggest aspects that both civilization shared was government. A fair share of similarities and differences were present in the formation and the way the government was run. Both governments had changed from one state to another. Both governments were at one time a centralized imperial government, and two key points to these governments were administrative centralization and imperial expansion. They both were broken down into districts that were ruled by people like governors. A difference was that China had a monarchy based government and Rome had a Aristocratic Republican government with a senate and a checks and balances system. The Han dynasty followed legalistic principals and Romans followed a republican constitution. The checks and balances system in Rome was kept in order by two people called the consuls who divided up the civic and military power. The emperor was put in power by the mandate of heaven and the consuls in Rome were put in power by an election from the senate members. The senate only consisted of wealthy patricians in the beginning. Then after a few rebellions, the poorer plebeians gained a few spots in the senate and then eventually were allowed to elect a consul from their caste. The Roman Empire went into monarchy every once in a while in times of a civic or military crisis when a dictator was elected for 6 months. Then came Julius Caesar, who declared himself as dictator for life such as the emperors in the Han dynasty. Caesar confiscated property from the rich and gave it to war veterans and the poor just as some of...