Comparison: Ussr and China's Political and Economic Reforms

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The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, also known as the USSR or Soviet Union, and the People’s Republic of China (known commonly as simply “China”) implemented reforms in politics and economics with striking similarities and differences While China veered towards a more decentralized state, the Soviet Union chose to use the Russian Parliament to officiate many of the reforms. Both nations had success in their reforms and became open to westernization, although ultimately, China rose while the Soviet Union fell. The USSR and China both became more open in politics and economics; the Soviet Union enacting the glasnost policy while at the same time, China opened itself to the world economy. In Russia, a restaurant of the American McDonald’s fast food appeared, showcasing the willingness of the glasnost policy. China opened itself to the world economy, which allowed more importing and exporting, improving their overall economic health. This also led to the partial democratization of the People’s Republic. Gorbachev’s instatement of the glasnost policy was met with heavy resistance, but allowed more cultural and intellectual freedoms. Both the Soviet Union and China became more open to certain aspects of the West because both nations realized that complete self-sufficiency was not possible. In the Soviet Union and China, both reform attempts succeeded in some way—even though the USSR collapsed after Gorbachev’s reforms. China had stunning economic growth and prosperity, while the USSR ended government censorship of culture and democratization and free elections prevailed. Mikhail Gorbachev became general secretary in the mid-1980s and instituted reforms that led to massive industrialization. Russia also saw improvement in the economic system while preventing a mass inflation by keep the cost low and the process efficient. China’s reforms created a new system, imitating the Soviet five-year plan. These reforms also led to industrialization and low cost grain. In...
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