The purpose of this paper is to address differences between public and community health, research public health resources on a borough, state, and national level as well as review a brief history of those agencies. Whereas public health and community health is often used interchangeably, public health is coordinated on a national, state, and borough scale and public health is a profession that includes more than just nurses. Public health can include emergency personnel, health educators, public officials, public health nurses, social workers, and community individuals. Community health uses information and implements the research from public health arenas to a specific population. Laws are enacted at a local, state, and the national level that enforce public health (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). “The local health department has direct responsibility to the citizens in its community or jurisdiction” (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008, p. 59). The Municipality of Anchorage, according to the last census projected 295,570 residents in Anchorage and 91,946 in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough ("United States Census 2010", n.d.). According to "Municipality Of Anchorage" (n.d.), “The Anchorage Department of Health & Human Services enhances the quality of life for the people of Anchorage by promoting good physical and mental health, preventing illness and injury, protecting the environment, and providing helping services to people in need” (Health and Human Services). They offer services not limited to the following: Sexually transmitted disease treatment and testing, family planning services, immunization, women’s health services, and communicable disease testing and control. Medical care is never denied due to an inability to pay. The City of Anchorage was first incorporated on November 23, 1920 and on September 15, 1975 it became the Municipality of Anchorage combining what was called the Greater Anchorage Area Borough with the city. The Municipality...
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