Dr. Judith Sugg
Comparison of Two Theories
Humanistic and existentialism theories postulate a holistic approach to understanding and determining personality, and the psychological health of the whole person (Feist & Feist, 2009). Abraham Maslow, Gordon Allport, Carl Rogers, Rollo May, and others are theorist of this school of thought (Feist & Feist, 2009, p. 275). It is also known as the third force in psychology with the first force as psychoanalysis, and the second, behaviorism (Feist & Feist, 2009, p. 275). Dispositional theorist, such as Gordon Allport, Raymond Cattell, Hans Eysenck, and others held the basic assumption that each individual is unique in behavior, and therefore rare (Feist & Feist, 2009, 375). Carl Rogers and Person-Centered Theory
Carl Rogers was the founder of client-centered therapy (Feist & Feist, 2009). Rogers’ religious background and experiences during his youth helped him to think liberally and independently (Feist & Feist, 2009). Rogers became one of the most influential therapist-theorist of the 20th century, and his theory produced much research. As a practicing psychotherapist, Rogers was most determined with helping people understand their individual manner of growth and healthy development (Feist & Feist, 2009). Rogers structured his theory and concepts from experiences he had as a therapist (Feist & Feist, 2009). The Theory
Rogers’ person-centered theory of personality is the broad assumptions of the formative tendency and the actualizing tendency (Feist & Feist, 2009, p. 313). The formative tendency process is Roger’s belief that “all matter, both organic and inorganic, evolves from simpler to more complex forms” (Feist & Feist, 2009, p. 313). Roger’s evidenced nature’s many examples, according to Feist and Feist (2009): For instance, complex galaxies of stars form from a less well-organized mass; crystals such as snowflakes emerge from...