Comparison: Theories of Psychologists
Theories of Psychologists
Mary Kay Elsner
Grand Canyon University
Sigmund Freud was called the “father of Psychology” for many years. To this day, people look at, study, and argue over his ideas and his theories. Among Psychologists there is the ongoing debate of him placing too much emphasis on sex however, there is also a strong following of those who respect him and have expanded on his ideas. In this paper we will be comparing and looking at the theoretical perspectives, major concepts and different approaches to therapy from Freud, Jung, Adler, Horney and Erickson. Each of these extraordinary thinkers has brought their own perspective to what is today considered Psychology, and each leaves a lot of room for discussion. As we explore and obtain more research, knowledge and information on human nature we can fill in the missing information Freud may not have covered. Sigmund Freud was born May 6 1856, in the Austro-Hungarian town of Freiburg where he lived until he was four years old, his family then moved to Vienna where remained until his death in 1937(Fancher, 2000). Freud studied at the University of Vienna’s medical school with top Psychologists of the time, Franz Brentano and Ernst Brucke. Freud wanted to be a researcher but realized it was not going to be able to support him financially and decided to enroll at Vienna’s General Hospital for clinical training. Freud was passionate about his research into sexual desires, dream interpretation and humor. He looked into defense mechanisms and how people use them to maintain a sense of safety and comfort in the world. Freud’s bed side manner involved talk therapy where the patient would lie on a couch unable to see Freud and they would talk. If the person put very little emphasis on a subject or too much emphasis on a subject then that would be considered something that needs to be worked on. The term we use today of “working through” things is...
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