Typing Template for APA Papers: A Sample of Proper APA Fifth Edition Formatting Deborah DiBerardino
Grand Canyon University: Educational Psychology EDU 313N
August 5, 2012
Comparison of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs with Skinners Behaviorist Theory
The definition of motivation according to Dictionary.com is: “The reason or reasons one has for acting or behaving in a particular way; the general desire or willingness of someone to do something.” Where it gets confusing is in the reason for behaving a certain way. What is it that causes a person to perform a task? Is it something that comes from deep inside of the person or is it a means to an end a reward? Let’s delve into some theories that can show possible reasons people are motivated. Comparison Chart: Maslow / Skinner
| |Maslow’s Theory |B. F. Skinner’s Theory | | |Motivation begins in students when their basic|Motivation derives from an individual’s behavior; it is a | | |needs are met as in Maslow’s Hierarchy moving |function of its consequences. It is based simply on the | |Motivation: |from physiological needs to |“law of effect” positive consequences begets positive | | |self-actualization. |actions, behavior will be repeated. | | |Motivation is Intrinsic |Whereas, negative consequences begets negative results and| | | |will not be repeated. | | | |Motivation is Extrinsic | | |Motivation tends to move from an emotional |-rewards change from simple to more complex. Students are | |How does Motivation change |need to intellectual needs, they are able to |no longer satisfied with a word of encouragement as steps | |For Elementary Versus Secondary Students |analyze problems that have open-ended |move from simple to challenging. | | |questions. | | | |In both theories there is a need for | | | |belonging, feedback, a human necessity of | | |Similarities |pleasing whether it is the self or others. | | | | |Maslow’s theory is based on intrinsic motivation, the | | | |desire and needs are from within a person; Skinner’s | |Differences | |theory is based on extrinsic motivation; which has outside| | | |rewards for completing a certain behavior. |
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Abraham Maslow wrote an article that was published in the Psychological Review (1943) entitled “A Theory of...