Dystopias: Why they can be both Pleasant and Disturbing
Human interests play a major role in the agreeability of a society. Dystopias, in some cases, can actually be seen as utopias if one has been conditioned to believe it is, as seen in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World. However, if conditioning fails, or, is not exercised, even utopias can very easily become dystopias, such as in George Orwell's 1984. Therefore, what one views as a dystopia, another could easily see as a utopia, and vice versa.
Huxley's Brave New World and Orwell's 1984 are in many ways, very similar. Both novels incorporate class of people who only exist on the outside edge of the society, which the authors use to compare between societies which they believe we fear and what they believe is the better' society. Thus, the proles and savages are important devices which allow one to contrast to today's society. Through reading both novels, one can reach the belief that Orwell feared what we hate will ruin us, and Huxley feared what we love will ruin us. Furthermore, in both 1984 and Brave New World any family relationships are frowned upon and seen as uncivilized, therefore vastly discouraged by the society. In 1984, the government constantly interferes with the lives of the people using telescreens and children who are encouraged to spy on their parents. Marriages, on the whole, are selected mostly be the Party to ensure that there are no emotional bonds. By doing this, Big Brother can ensure that everyone, with the exception of a few citizens who will be cured' afterwards, is isolated. In Brave New World, the concept of the family is destroyed by having children bred in bottles', and words like mother' and father' becoming vile obscenities.
Both novels also contain (a) main character(s) (in 1984, Winston Smith, and in Brave New World, a split between Bernard Marx and John Savage) that is in quiet rebellion against the government, lacks individuality, and in general, managed to...
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