Marriage, Tradition and Familial Structure Among the T’u-Jen and Korea (Pre-Modern)
The cultures this paper will endeavor to compare are that of the Mongours, specifically T’u-jen, as stated in the HRAF and the traditional Korean culture. The T’u-jen are Mongols inhabiting the northwestern parts of China, specifically Kansu, descendent of a group who served the Ming Dynasty as borderland protectors. They remained settled there and their given name is Chinese in origin. Their culture is primarily based on the Mongolian tradition but they have inter-married with some of the local groups and have likely acquired new habits. The Koreans are all peoples originated from the country of Korea, without discrimination for region. This paper will specifically be discussing the characteristics of marriage within each culture. These characteristics include such topics as proposal, choice, ceremony, culture specific tradition, and family structure among others.
The T’u-jen have a long and specific tradition of marriage within their culture. There are specific expectations and actions that should be taken for many given scenarios. The common form of marriage among the T’u-jen is that of purchasing the wife by the husband’s family. There are three separate cases for which this occurs and each will be discussed in detail.
The Young Girl
The first marriage case for a purchasing a wife is the purchase of a young girl as the official wife. If a family has the means then naturally they make this choice primarily. This is almost necessary due to the fact that most of this culture marry young, therefore the union be contracted among young people. The only marriage specific rule among the T’u-jen is that the husband and wife not bear the same name. It is claimed that formerly any person from the same clan was considered to have the same name, but the... [continues]
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