Comparisons between the Microsoft Windows and Linux computer operating systems are a long-running discussion topic within the personal computer industry. Throughout the entire period of the Windows systems, through the introduction of Windows 7, Windows has retained an extremely large retail sales majority among operating systems for personal desktop use, while Linux has sustained its status as the most prominent free software operating system. After their initial clash, both operating systems moved beyond the user base of the personal computer market and share a rivalry on a variety of other devices, with offerings for the server and embedded systems markets, and mobile internet access. Linux and Microsoft Windows differ in philosophy, cost, versatility and stability, with each seeking to improve in their perceived weaker areas. Comparisons of the two operating systems tend to reflect their origins, historic user bases and distribution models. Typical perceived weaknesses regularly cited have often included poor consumer familiarity with Linux, and Microsoft Windows' susceptibility to viruses and malware. Security
A true comparison between Windows and Linux on the values of the inherent security of each operating system is hard to obtain, and the matter is extremely contentious among both security professionals and computer hobbyists. Because there are many more Windows systems in the world, there are simply more targets available for attack. This factor alone makes Windows a richer and more attractive target for malware developers. The security differences between Windows and Linux are heavily debated and the security track record of both operating systems has proven that Linux has had fewer serious vulnerabilities. Also, Linux derives its security from the underlying Unix design philosophy Criteria
Once malicious software is present on a Windows-based system, it can sometimes be incredibly difficult to locate and remove. As such, users are advised to install and run anti-malware programs. In the event of root kit infection, users may have to resort to reformatting the system's hard disk and re-installing Windows
anti-malware tools such as ClamAV and Panda Security's Desktop Secure for Linux do exist. These programs are mainly intended to filter Windows malware from emails and network traffic traveling through Linux-based servers. The extreme rarity of this type of occurrence is such that it is not usually necessary to use anti-malware programs. The exception to this would be if the Linux-based system is connected to Windows-based systems, and only to mitigate the spread of Windows malware Open vs. Closed
because Windows is closed-source, only Microsoft-employed programmers (or licensed third-parties) can fix bugs, Because the software is closed-source, consumers have to trust that Microsoft is not doing anything against them.
Linux Claims its platform is more secure because all of its code is reviewed by so many people that bugs are detected. anyone with programming experience is free to fix bugs and submit them for inclusion in future releases and updates. However such an approach has indeed produced several vulnerabilities, although this is a rare case
Windows is expensive, for server use, Linux is very cheap compared to windows; microsoft allows a single copy of windows to be used on only one computer.
For desktop or home use , Linux is very cheap or free, once you have purchased Linux, you can run it on any number of computers for no additional charge. You can buy a Linux book and get the operating system included with the book for free Command-line interface
The Command Prompt exists to provide direct communication between the user and the operating system. A .NET-based command line environment called Windows Power Shell has been developed. It varies from Unix/Linux shells in that, rather than using byte streams Linux is strongly integrated with the system console. The command...
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