COMPARISON BETWEEN ICICI BANK AND SBI.
Contents 6.1 SBI v/s ICICI 6.2 Analysis & Interpretation of Services 6.3 Analysis of Performance of ICICI Bank & SBI 6.4 Major Findings 6.5 Testing of Hypothesis
COMPARISON BETWEEN ICICI BANK AND SBI.
6.1 SBI v/s ICICI
SBI stands for State Bank of India. It is a public sector institution (government owned), with a huge customer base all over India. It has seven associate banks operating under its SBI name. It has over thirteen thousand branches across India and in some selected international countries and a 56,000 ATM network across India. The Standard Bank of India „inherited‟ the Bank of Calcutta, which was founded in 1806, and has been in existence for over two hundred years.
On the other hand, the ICICI is a private sector bank (privately owned), with a relatively smaller clientele base. It is one of the major banks in India (precisely the second largest), but much smaller than the SBI. It has 950 branches, with 3,500 branches across India. The bank has deposits of Rs 1.65 lakh crore compared to SBI‟s Rs 3.8 lakh crore (accumulated in a period of twelve years), racking up a net worth of Rs 22,000 against Rs 27,000 for the State Bank of India. This represents Rs 9 crore business generated by each ICICI employee per year, compared to Rs 3 crore worth of business per employee of the ICICI.
While the State Bank pays 4.7 percent on deposits, and earns less on advances, the ICICI pays 0.7 less (4 percent), while earning more on advances, and thus earns 0.4 percent more on assets than the SBI. This is no surprise, as there‟s seemingly limitless access to funds from the government for the state owned SBI.
On money transfers from overseas accounts, with the SBI, once a transfer transaction is completed, you will be able to know the exchange rate used, and there are no restrictions on the amounts you can transfer a day. However, the ICICI transfer is somewhat different. After completion of a money transfer transaction, the exchange rate can only be known after five days, and there is a daily limit of $5000 that can be transferred a day. Although the SBI has generally performed well in the past, in recent years, the ICICI has seen very good performance, almost edging out the SBI in every aspect, especially financially. The financial years between 2001-2002 and 2005, and 2006, saw very strong gains for the ICICI bank. Its deposits grew by 200 percent, five times more than the SBI‟s, and while SBI‟s revenue grew by 30 percent and the ICICI bank‟s revenue grew by seven times that percentage. This trend means that ICICI‟s growth will eventually overtake SBI‟s in the future, in terms of deposits. The SBI is a government owned bank (public sector), while ICICI is a privately owned bank (private sector). The SBI is much older (more than 200 years old) and more established than the ICICI, which is less than 25 years old. The SBI does not limit daily international transfer amounts, while the ICICI limits daily transfers to $5000 a day. The SBI bank pays a higher percentage on deposits than the ICICI bank.
6.2 ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF SERVICES
Case 1 – Sale of Gold during Akshya Tritiya (2012) SBI
We can see here that SBI advertises sale of mutual fund units in their Gold Fund scheme during the festival of Akshaya Tritiya. Investors who have knowledge about the market will know very well that gold as a commodity yields an average 20% YoY and has since never saw a negative rate of return. SBI also had a scheme that offered 1% discount on all denominations of Gold coins except those above 100gms during their campaign. The drawback of advertising like this is, many do not know the benefits of investing in „paper‟ gold. Which means, gold mutual funds or gold exchange traded funds; this form of investment has superior advantages than investing in gold as a physical commodity. ICICI however had decorated all its...