Comparison and Contrast Essay

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Comparison and Contrast Essay
Prepared for the Communication Competencies Center University of Puerto Rico at Humacao Title V Project

Aníbal Muñoz Claudio
May 2005

Contents
Introduction …………………...………………………………………………………i General Objective ………….…………………………………………………………ii Specific Objectives ……………..…………………………………………….………ii How can you use this module? ……….……….……………………………………...1

Part I.
General Knowledge of Essay Structures and Content…………………………………2

Part II.
Writing a Comparison and Contrast Essay…………………………………….………3

Part III.
General Review: The Essay…………………………………………………..….……5

Part IV.
Opening Statements…………………….……………………………………………...7

Part V.
Topic Sentences with Transitional Expressions……………….……………………...16

Part VI.
Point-By-Point Comparative Format ……………………………………..…………..20

Part VII.
Concluding Statements…………………………………………………………….….24 Answers (practical exercises)…………………………………………….…………...27 Bibliography………………………………………………………………….…….....31

Introduction
This module is intended for students enrolled in writing courses at the university undergraduate level, specifically for those who need to write essays as a requirement for their classes. The module will serve as a resourceful guideline to write effective comparison and contrast essays.

The module includes a complete series of activities and exercises that will guide and help students, step by step, in the process of comparing and contrasting two elements in a standard format essay. It is highly recommended for the students to have at least some basic knowledge of essay structure and components before working with this module in order to understand the concepts better.

The module consists of three main parts, which are sub-divided in smaller units. Each unit will work with the separate parts of the essay while providing hands-on practice and exercises for the benefit of the students. At the same time, it will provide other valuable resources and internet links for the students to compliment their learning. Finally, the module provides a diagnostic writing activity and a final writing activity for the students to assess their learning and comprehension of the material given.

i

General Objective:
Upon completion of this module, the students will write a complete comparison and contrast essay following the specific guidelines provided.

Specific Objectives: By working with this module, the students will: a. Provide an appropriate definition for the comparison and contrast essay. b. Identify adequate opening statements for introductory paragraphs in a comparison and contrast essay. c. Write an appropriate thesis statement using parallel structures adequately in an introductory paragraph. d. Write appropriate topic sentences using proper transitional expressions to begin body paragraphs. e. Write well-supported body paragraphs using the “point- by- point” format of a comparison and contrast essay. f. Identify adequate concluding statements to end comparison and contrast essays.

ii

How can you use this module?
Welcome to the fascinating world of writing essays! In this module you will be working with the skills of writing an effective comparison and contrast essay. The module by itself will not make you a better writer or an expert in English grammar structures. It focuses on providing you essential skills and details that will allow you to organize and outline your ideas while writing an essay – specifically, the comparison and contrast type of essay.

As you should know from previous experiences, an essay consists of three main components –the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. For this reason, the module is divided into separate parts, and each one focusing on a particular component of the essay. This way, you can follow the directions, guidelines, and practical exercises to complete each part step-by-step. At the end of each block of instructions, some practical exercises and/or activities will follow. You must be...
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