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Comparison and Contrast

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Comparison and Contrast

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In the name Allah""

Professor: Dr.Bahman Amani
Prepared by: Akbar Akbari
Place: IAU Maraghe
Date: May 6th 2010

❖ Definition:
To compare is to show how items are alike. To contrast is to show how items are different. Thus comparison and contrast involve pointing out the similarities or differences between two (or more) items. In deciding what to compare or contrast, you will want to make sure that the items share points in common. Thus, the items compared are usually the same kind or class of thing, and in comparing and contrasting them, you essentially establish two or more categories, showing the differences or similarities between or among them. For example, you can compare two passenger cars-a Ford and a Cadillac- with more precision than you can compare a Ford and a helicopter. Fords are compared with Cadillacs because they have many features in common – features you can pinpoint. Similarly, you can usually compare two paintings more precisely than you can compare a novel and a painting.

❖ Key words :
|Comparison |Contrast | |in comparison --- similar to---like ---alike---likewise |unlike---differ | |correspondingly---the same as---resemble---to have |from---however---otherwise---still---nevertheless---while--- | |in common---in the same way---compared to--- |in opposition---on the contrary---although | |compared with---as compared with---in comparison with |in contrast with--- contrary to--- to be different from |

1) Explaining something new ❖ Reasons for using comparison and contrast:...