COMPARING WORKS OF ART
Comparing Works of Art
American Intercontinental University
Comparing Works of Art 2
Table of Contents
Page 3. Abstract
Page 4. Art Terms of the Renaissance
Page 5. Michelangelo Buonarroti and Leonardo da Vinci
Page 6. References
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The Renaissance (1450 - 1600) was great rebirth of humanism, and a revival in cultural achievements for their own sake. The Renaissance began in Italy and then spread throughout northern Europe. Art, science and literature all grew tremendously during the Renaissance, led by artists like Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, scientists like Galileo, and writers like Shakespeare.
In art, the Renaissance renewed interest in naturalistic styles and formal rules of composition such as perspective. The Greek classical ideals of ideal proportions (for depicting the human body as well as for architecture and painting) also regained popularity. Important artists of the Italian Renaissance were with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci.
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Art Terms of the Renaissance
alabaster – A fine-grained, slightly translucent stone with a smooth milk-white surface.
buon fresco – Sometimes called “true Fresco.” a technique in which pigment suspended in water is applied to wet plaster, A very durable method.
chiaroscuro - refers to the fine art painting modeling effect of a strong contrast between light and dark to give the illusion of depth or three-dimensionality. Italian word (chiaro0 and dark (scuro), this technique was widely used in the Baroque period
contrapposto – The principle of weight shift in the visual arts. it’s commonly used to depict a figure in a relaxed stance, one leg weight – bearing, the other bent, the torso slightly shifted off its axis.
fresco - painted on plaster. There are two methods, buon fresco and fresco secco.
fresco secco – this technique has pigments mixed with a binding agent and painted on dry plaster, and not as durable as a true fresco painted.
humanism – it is the movement of the 14th -16th centuries when all the branches of learning, literary, scientific and intellectual were based on the culture and literature of classical Greco-Roman antiquity.
grisaille – A style of monochromatic painting in the shades of gray, used especially for the representation of relief sculpture.
illusionism – painting which makes two-dimensional objects appear to be three-dimensional.
Mannerism – features the use of distorted figures in complex, impossible poses, and strange artificial colors.
perspective – refers to the technique of representing the illusion of a three-dimensional world on a two-dimensional surface ( a flat piece of paper or canvas).
Renaissance Man – A man who has broad intellectual interest and is accomplished in the areas of the arts and sciences. A “universal man” or polymath.
trompe l’oeil – A French term meaning, “trick of the eye.” Also known as illusionism. A painting style designed to give the appearance of three-dimensionality.
polymath- a person who excels in multiple fields, particularly in both arts and sciences. Another name for “Renaissance Man”.
sfumato – this term was coined by the Italian Renaissance artist, Leonardo di Vinci, and refers to a fine art painting technique of blurring and sifting of sharp outlines by subtle and gradual blending of one tone into another through the use of thin glazes to give the illusion of depth or three-dimensionality. This stems from the Italian word square meaning to evaporate or to fade out. The Latin origin is fumier, to smoke. The opposite of sfumato is chiaroscuro.
terribilita – A term applied to the art of Michelangelo describing the heroric and...