Comparing the Socio-Economic and Demographic Factors of Crime in India and Germany

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Comparing the Socio-Economic and Demographic Factors of Crime in India and Germany

Table 1: Criminal Statistics in India and Germany 2009
| India| Germany|
Population| 1,170,938,000| 82,002,400|
Number of Registered Cases| 6,675,217| 6,054,330|
Offence Rate (per 100,000 residents)| 571| 7,383| Number of Established Suspects | 7,751,631| 2,187,217|
Rate of Established Suspects (per 100,000 residents)| 663| 2,477| Number of Suspects below 18 years | 33,642| 345,329|
Percentage of Suspects Total| 0.4| 15.8|
*Sources: National Crime Records Bureau (India); Federal Criminal Police Office (Germany) Throughout history every country throughout the world has had to deal with various criminal acts. Countries and their government over the course of time have established criminal justice systems to implement laws, policies, and regulations to promote justice and control over citizens. However, the amount and types of crime every nation faces is different. The table on the first page compares the criminal statistics of Germany and India. The table provides information of the numbers of registered cases and established suspects in both countries but it doesn’t explain what is affecting those numbers. Germany and India’s demographic and socio-economic structures can be compared in various ways to further explain the table and the information it gives. The two countries have very many differences that distinctly set them apart from one another. The economic, age, and religious differences of both Germany and India can be used to compare the amount of deviant and illegal behavior within their borders.

India, located in southern Asia, has been an independent nation since 1947 (Meir). Looking at Table 1 it is has a population of 1.1 billion people making it the second-most populous country in the world. 30% of the Indian population ranges from 0 to 14 years old while only 5% is older than 65 years (Meir). The literacy rate in India is 71% and life expectancy at birth is 66 years old (Meir). On a different note, Germany is one of the biggest and richest countries of the European Union. Germany has a population of 82 million which seems tiny compared to India’s 1.1 billion people (Meir). Germany has a much higher percent of older citizens than India with 20% of the population being older than 65 while 13% of its people is 0 to 14 years old (Meir). Table 1 displays the number of suspects below 18 years old in India and Germany. It shows that Germany has an enormous amount of juvenile delinquents compared to India. It is odd that Germany would have more minors committing crimes when India in comparison has a higher percentage of residents 0 to 14 years. However, in 1996 40% of all crimes in Germany were committed by individuals less than 25 years old (Entorf).

Proper schooling and educational programs tend to help shelter individuals away from the criminal world but unfortunately not every nation is able to financially provide enough accessible school systems for its people resulting in higher crime rates. The literacy rate in India is 71% while the German literacy rate is an outstanding 99% (Entorf). Illiteracy in India has become very widespread and continues to grow (Verma). Indian basic schooling to this day is still not available to the majority of children (Verma). A study was done at Tihar Jail in Delhi, the capital of India (Verma). It is the largest jail In India with about 50-75 people being released every day (Verma). Some of these people released are still suspects but were let out on bail posted by the courts (Verma). The researchers attempted to get anonymous interviews with the released prisoners to obtain information that would help discover the various reasons that ultimately lead them to commit a crime. 422 former prisoners agreed to the interview (Verma). The educational backgrounds of these former inmates were terrible. The majority...
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