Dr. Stephen Pate
May 15, 2013
Federal prisons are a branch of the Department of Justice. This agency provides guidance for all federal prisons, setting the standard of conduct and establishing a standardized practice for all the facilities. According to the Federal Bureau of Prisons their mission is it “protects society by confining offenders in the controlled environments of prisons and community-based facilities that are safe, humane, cost-efficient, and appropriately secure, and that provide work and other self-improvement opportunities to assist offenders in becoming law-abiding citizens”. The Bureau of Prisons (BOP) operates approximately 122 facilities in six regions. The Bureau of Prisons has five categories of prisons, created and managed in a way best suited for each type of inmate. The categories of these facilities are; minimum, low, medium, high and administrative. The only inmates or detainees that are held in federal prisons are those that have violated federal laws or are being held for trial on suspicion of having committed a federal crime. The only exception is that anyone convicted in the District of Columbia for a felony will also be held in a federal prison. This exception is based on National Capital Revitalization and Self-Government Improvement Act of 1997. While the federal government has established some base line rules that all state prisons must follow, each state is responsible for establishing standards and procedures for their own state prison system. The Department of Corrections for each state is typically the lead agency expected to establish standards of conduct and establishing standardized practice for the facilities it controls. Typically inmates serving time in state prisons will have been convicted of a felony, typically these offenses are; murders, rapes, robbery, violent crimes committed with a firearm and white collar crimes such as petty embezzlement....
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