Comparing Great Philosophers

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Comparing Great Philosophers

Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher who was impressed by the inability of the English Monarchy to withstand the pressure of the civil war. The Civil war motivated Thomas to think about how people could work and live together in peace and to maintain social order. Hobbes’s scientific view ultimately became the bases of liberal thought. Hobbes believed that individuals choose to live under government; therefore governments exist for the protection of the individual. Individuals do not exist for the protection of government. But his liberal point of view clashed with the existing ideology of society. The ideology society possessed at that time was in order to be a leader and to govern Britain; one must possess legitimacy in the form of The Divine Right of Kings. At that time society was heavily influenced by the church’s view. The view of the medieval church was that people lived in society in order to satisfy the collective good of all God’s children. Hobbes believed human behaviour is determined by basic Natural Law rather than God’s Law. Hobbes perceived Natural Law to be a precept, or general rule, found out by reason, by which a man is forbidden to do that which is destructive of his life, or takes away the means of preserving the same. While Hobbes believed that people develop political practice in order to reach order. Hobbes viewed people as a body which incorporated the people. He explained that people group together to avoid social chaos. Hobbes called the body that formed Leviathan. Hobbes contributed to western society in the form of liberalism. He’s goal of liberalism is to guarantee human equality and rights according to Natural Law. Hobbes view was that strong governments are a means of achieving what individuals desire most-social harmony.

John Locke widely known in modern time as Father of classical liberalism was an English philosopher and physician. He was widely recognized as an important contributor to...
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