The Elements and Functions of Goddesses
From as far as we can remember there have been myths about Gods and Goddesses that have been passed from generation to generation. These myths were derived within several different cultures and places yet many are very similar. Although there are some similarities in these myths there are also differences as well. Therefore a thorough discussion of both the similarities and differences of Gods and Goddesses myths will allow you to identify with the history surrounding them. Also knowing the elements and functions of these myths will give you a better understanding. Elements and functions of Goddess myths
Hear the word Goddess and one will most likely imagine Venus, Goddess of Love. This image may come from a storybook or a song, perhaps a television commercial. Wherever the image comes from, Venus is the image of beauty. Venus is a Roman Goddess associated with love and beauty. Her image is that of a tall slender, well -proportioned female figure. Her hair could be long and wavy or straight and silky. Her hair could be blonde or brown. This image is that of the beholder and guided by their preference. No matter, Goddess is a word that is synonymous with beauty, but there is more to a Goddess than meets the eye. Besides beauty, goddesses have other attributes and functions. Goddesses are associated with The Earth, life, and regeneration. Some Goddesses are associated with war, death, and protection. Goddesses are also associated with reproduction cycles as well as the changing of the seasons. The Goddesses of life is referred to as the Mothers of Earth. Life Goddesses feed, cloth, and protect their people or children. Life Goddesses are maternal. Goddesses of death live in the underworld and take care of the bodies after death. Goddesses of death are associated with fall and winter, the seasons in which the Earth is sterile and “dead.” Goddesses of Death are not depicted to be beautiful. These Goddesses are linked to skulls, snakes, and the occult. The regeneration Goddesses are linked to beauty and are responsible for fertility. Goddesses of Regeneration are the stimulating force behind the seasons of spring and summer, in which plants grow, flourish, and set seed. Regeneration Goddesses are the definition of feminine- attraction and female magnetism. So whether the image of a Goddess is that of Venus, in all that is beautiful or that of Medusa with snake hair, be aware, Goddesses are not only beautiful. Goddesses have many functions. Goddesses have the power over life, death, the seasons, and love. Comparing two myths from different Cultures of female divines The Greek and Roman myths are basically the same. The Romans changed the names of the Greek Goddess’ and Gods’ such as Zeus became Jupiter, Athena became Minerva, and Poseidon became Neptune. Although some of the stories of Athena and Minerva are basically the same, there were a few differences that are explained below. Both Minerva and Athena was the Goddess’ of Wisdom and War. The Greek Goddess Athena and the Roman Goddess Minerva were very similar. Athena was born from her father’s head, fully mature and wearing armor, as was Minerva. Both Athena and Minerva never had a lover, were both symbolized by an owl, and both was their fathers favorite daughters. They both are also responsible for the invention of the olive tree, within these cultures. Unlike Minerva, Athena had a mother, Metis, who was swallowed by her father Zeus, when he learned that Metis was pregnant and feared that she could overthrow him. Athena was the protector of the city of Athens, as Minerva protected nothing. Although both were virgins, Athena was the virgin mother of Erichthnonius, and Minerva never had children.
According to (2010), Athena competed with Poseidon, they were asked to give a gift worthy of the city that could be used. Poseidon struck the Acropolis, and water ran out of it, this was beautiful but the water was salty like the...
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