The Southern colonies were first established by adventures looking for gold. England sent these early settlers to America as their form of colonization. Many of the other world powers at the time had already established many colonies in different parts of the world.
When the first settlers arrived in America they were disappointed by the lack of gold there was to be found. They first arrived in the South and all they saw was marshy wetlands.
England was about to “pull the plug” on the Southern colonies but the colonies discovered the most profitable crop on the planet. This crop was tobacco and it was immediately called a “Cash Crop”. This crop quickly spread throughout Europe and because of its addictive nature the demand for this crop was ridiculously high.
Since the only place tobacco could be grown were the Southern colonies the world looked to England and her colonies for this addictive crop. Tobacco was very easy to grow but required much labor. This led to the Southern colonies largest problem. The labor shortage.
At first the south tried to use the head-right system. This system failed because once the employee had enough money they would quit and go get their own piece of land.
Next the South gave indentured servitude a chance. Many people wanted to leave the overcrowded Britain and start fresh on a farm in America, but the price to come to America was too high for most of the middle to lower classes. So the plantation owners of Planter Class would pay for the voyage to America in turn for 7-10 years labor on their plantation. This was only a quick fix to the labor shortage and in the end it failed. Indentured servitude failed because most of the indentured servants were white, Christian males who eventually demanded rights. Among these rights were no labor on Sunday and the sale of the products they made on their own time.
After their indentured servitude was over the servants would go try to get land. To acquire this land the freed servants would have to fight and run off the Native Americans.
The plantation owners dominated politics and outlawed the attacks against Native Americans because the fur trade with the Native Americans was raking in huge profits.
This angered the poor farmers and freed servants because not only were they denied any say in politics and were taxed more than the rich they, now they had to stop fighting the Native Americans and stop acquiring land of their own.
A man by the name of Nathaniel Bacon heard the cries of these poor piedmont farmers and decided to lead them in a rebellion against the city/town of Jamestown. So Bacon and his army of rag-tag farmers stormed the capital of Virginia and overthrew the current government. They stayed in power for a few weeks before Bacon got sick and died.
This uprising was the first rebellion in American history and it scared the Plantation owners. The Planter Class realized that another rebellion could happen at any time and decided that indentured servitude might not be the best solution for the labor shortage.
The permanent solution to the labor shortage came in the form of slave labor. At first the Planter Class experimented with captured Native Americans as slaves but the Native Americans were not natural farmers, escaped easily, and were at high risk for European diseases.
The perfect slave came in the form of Black Africans. They were used to farming in Africa and escape was virtually impossible. The Black slaves were used and immune to the European diseases. They were hard workers and eventually slave trade became a major factor in the growth of the South.
The Black African slaves arrived in America by a trading passage that was often referred to...