The Southern colonies were first established by adventures looking for gold. England sent these early settlers to America as their form of colonization. Many of the other world powers at the time had already established many colonies in different parts of the world.
When the first settlers arrived in America they were disappointed by the lack of gold there was to be found. They first arrived in the South and all they saw was marshy wetlands.
England was about to “pull the plug” on the Southern colonies but the colonies discovered the most profitable crop on the planet. This crop was tobacco and it was immediately called a “Cash Crop”. This crop quickly spread throughout Europe and because of its addictive nature the demand for this crop was ridiculously high.
Since the only place tobacco could be grown were the Southern colonies the world looked to England and her colonies for this addictive crop. Tobacco was very easy to grow but required much labor. This led to the Southern colonies largest problem. The labor shortage.
At first the south tried to use the head-right system. This system failed because once the employee had enough money they would quit and go get their own piece of land.
Next the South gave indentured servitude a chance. Many people wanted to leave the overcrowded Britain and start fresh on a farm in America, but the price to come to America was too high for most of the middle to lower classes. So the plantation owners of Planter Class would pay for the voyage to America in turn for 7-10 years labor on their plantation. This was only a quick fix to the labor shortage and in the end it failed. Indentured servitude failed because most of the indentured servants were... [continues]
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