Due to the many similarities and very few differences, an alcoholic and a workaholic can be considered as being one in the same.
According to the medical dictionary a workaholic is defined as “one who has a compulsive and unrelenting need to work” (The American Heritage Stedman’s Medical Dictionary). Although some people tend to confuse a hard worker for a workaholic, some common characteristics that can distinguish the two are that workaholics are often described as intense, impatient, energetic, competitive, and driven to perfection (Robinson 65). They often blur the line between business and pleasure, and prefer work to leisure regardless of the time or place. As a consequence, it is not uncommon for workaholics to suffer from an assortment of health problems and illnesses. Workaholics have a habit of resisting collaborating in the workplace and will likely have trouble delegating tasks, and find it difficult to take vacations or breaks (Spence and Robbins 162). Also, because they have a habit of pushing others as hard as they do themselves, other people tend to find them hard to get along with.
An Alcoholic is defined as “a person who drinks alcohol substances habitually and to excess” or “a person addicted to alcoholic drinks” (The American Heritage Stedman’s medical dictionary). Usually, but not all the time, an alcoholic will display characteristics such as low self-esteem, anxiety/fear, feelings of guilt, shame and self pity. Alcoholics can be regarded as being impulsive, easily frustrated, and have very low tolerance for negative feedback. An alcoholic also tends to blame others for their problems and they often feel a sense of injustice as if everyone is against them.
Although their definitions differ, being an alcoholic or a workaholic can affect ones health as well as ones family. Being a workaholic “can affect a family as a whole as well as on an individual level, between specific family members.” (Shifron and Reysen 140).When boundaries are blurred and work is consistently chosen over vacation or family time, it’s the family and children that ultimately suffer the most. Children of a workaholic parent are more likely to suffer from depression and low self-esteem. They may also feel like they are not a priority in the eyes of their parent and the struggle for parental attention can lead to resentment (Robinson 192). Children within the home of a workaholic parent also tend to take on more responsible roles and may mature at a much faster rate due to the absence of the workaholic parent (192). On an individual level, spouses of workaholics have also been reported as saying that they experience a decrease in positive emotions towards their workaholic partners and also develop a lack of understanding and communication within the relationship that commonly leads to separation or divorce (Shifron and Reysen 140).
Family members of an alcoholic can suffer both physically, mentally, and emotionally. The erratic behavior of an alcoholic can cause tension and instability within a family unit, in many cases the alcoholic may become abusive towards their family members, and usually the violence is directed at the spouse. In these cases the spouse becomes a victim of verbal or physical abuse and often develops depression and low self-esteem (Staff). The situation will often escalate and end in divorce. Children of alcoholics often become withdrawn and anti-social: This can lead to academic and behavioral problems in school as well as at home. Children can also suffer from depression and usually have trouble making friends due to their unstable and often embarrassing family environment. They also tend to lash out at others out of frustrations at home and are more likely to abuse alcohol as they grow older (Rehm 141).
Along with affecting family life, being a workaholic can also have effects on health. Exhaustion can occur as a result of over working and sleep deprivation. Work induced stress...